Scaffold morphology plays a key role in the development of tissue engineering constructs. The control of pore size, shape and interconnection is needed to achieve adequate nutrient transport and cell ingrowth. Several techniques are available for scaffold manufacturing, but none allows easy control of morphology and is, at the same time, applicable to a wide variety of materials. To investigate the possibility of processing a wide range polymers by solvent casting/particulate leaching with accurate control of scaffold morphology, three different porogens (gelatin microspheres, paraffin microspheres and sodium chloride crystals) were used to fabricate scaffolds from commonly employed biodegradable polymers. The outcome of processing was evaluated in terms of scaffold morphology and structure/properties relationships. Highly porous scaffolds were obtained with all porogens and well defined spherical pores resulted from microspheres leaching. Furthermore, scaffolds with spherical pores showed better mechanical performance and lower flow resistance. Cytocompatibility tests performed showed no evidence of processing residuals released from the scaffolds. Solvent casting/microspheres leaching, particularly gelatin microspheres leaching, can be used to process a large number of polymers and enables to tailor scaffold pore size, shape and interconnection, thus providing a powerful tool for material selection and optimization of scaffold morphology.

Microspheres Leaching for Scaffold Porosity Control

DRAGHI, LORENZA;RESTA, SIMONE;PIROZZOLO, MARIA GRAZIA;TANZI, MARIA CRISTINA
2005-01-01

Abstract

Scaffold morphology plays a key role in the development of tissue engineering constructs. The control of pore size, shape and interconnection is needed to achieve adequate nutrient transport and cell ingrowth. Several techniques are available for scaffold manufacturing, but none allows easy control of morphology and is, at the same time, applicable to a wide variety of materials. To investigate the possibility of processing a wide range polymers by solvent casting/particulate leaching with accurate control of scaffold morphology, three different porogens (gelatin microspheres, paraffin microspheres and sodium chloride crystals) were used to fabricate scaffolds from commonly employed biodegradable polymers. The outcome of processing was evaluated in terms of scaffold morphology and structure/properties relationships. Highly porous scaffolds were obtained with all porogens and well defined spherical pores resulted from microspheres leaching. Furthermore, scaffolds with spherical pores showed better mechanical performance and lower flow resistance. Cytocompatibility tests performed showed no evidence of processing residuals released from the scaffolds. Solvent casting/microspheres leaching, particularly gelatin microspheres leaching, can be used to process a large number of polymers and enables to tailor scaffold pore size, shape and interconnection, thus providing a powerful tool for material selection and optimization of scaffold morphology.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/546872
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