Abstract: This paper deals with a one-dimensional model for granular materials, which boils down to an inelastic version of the Kac kinetic equation, with inelasticity parameter p > 0. In particular, the paper provides bounds for certain distances—such as specific weighted χ -distances and the Kolmogorov distance—between the solution of that equation and the limit. It is assumed that the even part of the initial datum (which determines the asymptotic properties of the solution) belongs to the domain of normal attraction of a symmetric stable distribution with characteristic exponent α = 2/(1 + p). With such initial data, it turns out that the limit exists and is just the aforementioned stable distribution. A necessary condition for the relaxation to equilibrium is also proved. Some bounds are obtained without introducing any extra condition. Sharper bounds, of an exponential type, are exhibited in the presence of additional assumptions concerning either the behaviour, close to the origin, of the initial characteristic function, or the behaviour, at infinity, of the initial probability distribution function.

Probabilistic Study of the Speed of Approach to Equilibrium for an Inelastic Kac Model

F. Bassetti;LADELLI, LUCIA MARIA;
2008

Abstract

Abstract: This paper deals with a one-dimensional model for granular materials, which boils down to an inelastic version of the Kac kinetic equation, with inelasticity parameter p > 0. In particular, the paper provides bounds for certain distances—such as specific weighted χ -distances and the Kolmogorov distance—between the solution of that equation and the limit. It is assumed that the even part of the initial datum (which determines the asymptotic properties of the solution) belongs to the domain of normal attraction of a symmetric stable distribution with characteristic exponent α = 2/(1 + p). With such initial data, it turns out that the limit exists and is just the aforementioned stable distribution. A necessary condition for the relaxation to equilibrium is also proved. Some bounds are obtained without introducing any extra condition. Sharper bounds, of an exponential type, are exhibited in the presence of additional assumptions concerning either the behaviour, close to the origin, of the initial characteristic function, or the behaviour, at infinity, of the initial probability distribution function.
Central limit theorem; Domains of normal attraction; Granular materials; Kolmogorov metric; Inelastic Kac equation; Stable distributions; Sums of weighted independent random variables; Speed of approach to equilibrium; Weighted χ -metrics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/546345
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