An extensive experimental analysis on the subject of the unsteady periodic flow in a high subsonic high pressure (HP) turbine stage has been carried out at the Laboratorio di Fluidodinamica delle Macchine of the Politecnico di Milano (Italy). In this paper the aerodynamic blade row interaction in HP turbines, enforced by increasing the stator and rotor blade loading and by reducing the stator-rotor axial gap, is studied in detail. The time-averaged three-dimensional flowfield in the stator-rotor gap was investigated by means of a conventional five-hole probe for the nominal (0 deg) and highly positive 22 deg stator incidences. The evolution of the viscous flow structures downstream of the stator is presented to characterize the rotor incoming flow. The blade row interaction was evaluated on the basis of unsteady aerodynamic measurements at the rotor exit, performed with a fast-response aerodynamic pressure probe. Results show a strong dependence of the time-averaged and phase-resolved flowfield and of the stage performance on the stator incidence. The structure of the vortex-blade interaction changes signifi- cantly as the magnitude of the rotor-inlet vortices increases, and very different residual traces of the stator secondary flows are found downstream of the rotor. On the contrary, the increase in rotor loading enhances the unsteadiness in the rotor secondary flows but has a little effect on the vortex-vortex interaction. For the large axial gap, a reduction of stator-related effects at the rotor exit is encountered when the stator incidence is increased as a result of the different mixing rate within the cascade gap.

A parametric study of the blade row interaction in a high pressure turbine stage

PERSICO, GIACOMO BRUNO AZZURRO;GAETANI, PAOLO;OSNAGHI, CARLO
2009

Abstract

An extensive experimental analysis on the subject of the unsteady periodic flow in a high subsonic high pressure (HP) turbine stage has been carried out at the Laboratorio di Fluidodinamica delle Macchine of the Politecnico di Milano (Italy). In this paper the aerodynamic blade row interaction in HP turbines, enforced by increasing the stator and rotor blade loading and by reducing the stator-rotor axial gap, is studied in detail. The time-averaged three-dimensional flowfield in the stator-rotor gap was investigated by means of a conventional five-hole probe for the nominal (0 deg) and highly positive 22 deg stator incidences. The evolution of the viscous flow structures downstream of the stator is presented to characterize the rotor incoming flow. The blade row interaction was evaluated on the basis of unsteady aerodynamic measurements at the rotor exit, performed with a fast-response aerodynamic pressure probe. Results show a strong dependence of the time-averaged and phase-resolved flowfield and of the stage performance on the stator incidence. The structure of the vortex-blade interaction changes signifi- cantly as the magnitude of the rotor-inlet vortices increases, and very different residual traces of the stator secondary flows are found downstream of the rotor. On the contrary, the increase in rotor loading enhances the unsteadiness in the rotor secondary flows but has a little effect on the vortex-vortex interaction. For the large axial gap, a reduction of stator-related effects at the rotor exit is encountered when the stator incidence is increased as a result of the different mixing rate within the cascade gap.
unsteady aerodynamics; stator - rotor interaction
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
persico-gaetani-osnaghi-JoT09.pdf

Accesso riservato

: Post-Print (DRAFT o Author’s Accepted Manuscript-AAM)
Dimensione 2.21 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.21 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/545345
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 20
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 15
social impact