In this paper, a review of the different approaches to stationary thermal analysis of stacked die packages is presented, focusing on the opportunity to develop compact models suitable to be included in the design flow. Actually, although 3D-integration of the heat equation by numerical methods may provide an accurate estimate of the temperature distribution in the package, its main drawbacks lie in the relatively high computational cost and time consumption, together with the need of very experienced users. Simplified models are thus developed by gradually lumping thermal parameters of the various layers in order to attain a description of the device as a network of thermal resistances. As an example of lumped parameter definition, a one-dimensional model for a via structure is presented. The model has been deduced from a 2D-axial-symmetric analysis of the thermal field in a via, performed by a finite differences computational method. Finally, a dimensionless correlation for the estimate of the constriction/spreading resistance through the via structure has been developed.

A model of BGA thermal vias as an example of lumped parameter analysis in thermal modeling of SiPs and stacked die packages

COLOMBO, LUIGI PIETRO MARIA;
2009-01-01

Abstract

In this paper, a review of the different approaches to stationary thermal analysis of stacked die packages is presented, focusing on the opportunity to develop compact models suitable to be included in the design flow. Actually, although 3D-integration of the heat equation by numerical methods may provide an accurate estimate of the temperature distribution in the package, its main drawbacks lie in the relatively high computational cost and time consumption, together with the need of very experienced users. Simplified models are thus developed by gradually lumping thermal parameters of the various layers in order to attain a description of the device as a network of thermal resistances. As an example of lumped parameter definition, a one-dimensional model for a via structure is presented. The model has been deduced from a 2D-axial-symmetric analysis of the thermal field in a via, performed by a finite differences computational method. Finally, a dimensionless correlation for the estimate of the constriction/spreading resistance through the via structure has been developed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/521473
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