Target of the study was to predict the biomechanics of the instrumented and adjacent levels due to the insertion of the DIAM spinal stabilization system (Medtronic Ltd). For this purpose, a 3-dimensional finite element model of the intact L3/S1 segment was developed and subjected to different loading conditions (flexion, extension, lateral bending, axial rotation). The model was then instrumented at the L4/L5 level and the same loading conditions were reapplied. Within the assumptions of our model, the simulation results suggested that the implant caused a reduction in range of motion of the instrumented level by 17% in flexion and by 43% in extension, whereas at the adjacent levels, no significant changes were predicted. Numerical results in terms of intradiscal pressure, relative to the intact condition, predicted that the intervertebral disc at the instrumented level was unloaded by 27% in flexion, by 51% in extension, and by 6% in axial rotation, while no variations in pressure were caused by the device in lateral bending. At the adjacent levels, a change of relative intradiscal pressure was predicted in extension, both at the L3/L4 level, which resulted unloaded by 26% and at the L5/S1 level, unloaded by 8%. Furthermore, a reduction in terms of principal compressive stress in the annulus fibrosus of the L4/L5 instrumented level was predicted, as compared with the intact condition. These numerical predictions have to be regarded as a theoretical representation of the behavior of the spine, because any finite element model represents only a simplification of the real structure.

Biomechanics of the lumbar spine after dynamic stabilization

BELLINI, CHIARA MARIA;GALBUSERA, FABIO;RAIMONDI, MANUELA TERESA;
2007

Abstract

Target of the study was to predict the biomechanics of the instrumented and adjacent levels due to the insertion of the DIAM spinal stabilization system (Medtronic Ltd). For this purpose, a 3-dimensional finite element model of the intact L3/S1 segment was developed and subjected to different loading conditions (flexion, extension, lateral bending, axial rotation). The model was then instrumented at the L4/L5 level and the same loading conditions were reapplied. Within the assumptions of our model, the simulation results suggested that the implant caused a reduction in range of motion of the instrumented level by 17% in flexion and by 43% in extension, whereas at the adjacent levels, no significant changes were predicted. Numerical results in terms of intradiscal pressure, relative to the intact condition, predicted that the intervertebral disc at the instrumented level was unloaded by 27% in flexion, by 51% in extension, and by 6% in axial rotation, while no variations in pressure were caused by the device in lateral bending. At the adjacent levels, a change of relative intradiscal pressure was predicted in extension, both at the L3/L4 level, which resulted unloaded by 26% and at the L5/S1 level, unloaded by 8%. Furthermore, a reduction in terms of principal compressive stress in the annulus fibrosus of the L4/L5 instrumented level was predicted, as compared with the intact condition. These numerical predictions have to be regarded as a theoretical representation of the behavior of the spine, because any finite element model represents only a simplification of the real structure.
JOURNAL OF SPINAL DISORDERS & TECHNIQUES
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/519839
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