The collapse behavior of cylindrical shells pressurized from outside is examined. Attention is focused on tubes of moderate thickness, as required by very deep water pipelines or some innovative nuclear power plant proposals. Their collapse is expected to be dominated by yielding but, because of the decreasing nature of the post-collapse evolution, interaction with instability is likely to be significant enough to demand consideration. At present, no quantitative assessment of such effect is available, because little study has been devoted to tubes in this thickness range. Plasticity–instability interaction is activated by imperfections and to assess their influence on a systematic numerical study is undertaken. Computations produce a meaningful measure of the collapse pressure and it is proposed that the allowable pressure be determined on its basis, by introducing a suitable safety factor. This is chosen so that results reproduce those provided by presently accepted procedures in the well explored and reliable range of medium-thin tubes. When the same factor is applied to thicker tubes, the resulting allowable pressure is significantly higher than the values suggested by codes, which apparently react to the present lack of knowledge by assuming an extremely conservative attitude.

A Numerical Assessment of the Load Bearing Capacity of Thick Tubes Pressurized from Outside

LUZZI, LELIO;
2009

Abstract

The collapse behavior of cylindrical shells pressurized from outside is examined. Attention is focused on tubes of moderate thickness, as required by very deep water pipelines or some innovative nuclear power plant proposals. Their collapse is expected to be dominated by yielding but, because of the decreasing nature of the post-collapse evolution, interaction with instability is likely to be significant enough to demand consideration. At present, no quantitative assessment of such effect is available, because little study has been devoted to tubes in this thickness range. Plasticity–instability interaction is activated by imperfections and to assess their influence on a systematic numerical study is undertaken. Computations produce a meaningful measure of the collapse pressure and it is proposed that the allowable pressure be determined on its basis, by introducing a suitable safety factor. This is chosen so that results reproduce those provided by presently accepted procedures in the well explored and reliable range of medium-thin tubes. When the same factor is applied to thicker tubes, the resulting allowable pressure is significantly higher than the values suggested by codes, which apparently react to the present lack of knowledge by assuming an extremely conservative attitude.
Moderately thick tubes; Pressure vessels; Collapse; Plasticity-instability interaction; Imperfection sensitivity
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, 86 (2009) 525–532.pdf

Accesso riservato

: Post-Print (DRAFT o Author’s Accepted Manuscript-AAM)
Dimensione 452.2 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
452.2 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/519235
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact