The ITALSAT satellite experiment started in January 1991 and ended in January 2001, permitting an extensive program of propagation measurements at 18.7, 39.6 and 49.5 GHz. In these frequency bands, upand down-links experience severe signal attenuation due to meteorological effects such as those due to gas (oxygen and water vapour), clouds, turbulence and, especially, rain. The propagation measurement campaigns aim mainly at assessing and at modelling the appropriate fade margin compensating propagation attenuation in the design of satellite communication systems. This margin depends significantly on the season and on the time of the day, due to variations of meteorological conditions. This paper reports the results obtained from copolar signal measurements carried out at the Earth station of Spino d’Adda, near Milano (North Italy), at the three frequencies during 7 years (from 1994 to 2000). The measured cumulative distribution functions of total attenuation are compared to ITU-R models’ prediction. Moreover the statistics conditioned to single months of the year, seasons and 4 h contiguous periods of the day are also shown. These statistics can be useful for telecommunication systems whose service quality and design must be matched to the season of the year or the time of the day.
|Titolo:||Seasonal and diurnal variations of total attenuation measured wiith the ITALSATsatellite at Spino d'Adda at 18.7, 39.6 and 49.5 GHz|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.1 Articolo in Rivista|
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|IJSCRiva2004.pdf||articolo completo||Post-print||Accesso riservato|