Most of the high-speed trains in operation today have the electrical power supply delivered through the pantograph-catenary system. The understanding of the dynamics of this system is fundamental since it contributes to decrease the number of incidents related to these components, to reduce the maintenance and to improve interoperability. From the mechanical point of view, the most important feature of the pantograph-catenary system consists in the quality of the contact between the contact wire of the catenary and the contact strips of the pantograph. The catenary is represented by a finite element model while the pantograph is described by a detailed multibody model, analyzed through two independent codes in a cosimulation environment. A computational procedure ensuring the efficient communication between the multibody and finite element codes, through shared computer memory, and a suitable contact force models were developed. The models presented here are contributions for the identification of the dynamic behaviour of the pantograph and of the interaction phenomena in the pantograph-catenary system of high-speed trains due to the action of aerodynamics forces. The wind forces are applied on the catenary by distributing them on the finite element mesh. Since the multibody formulation does not include explicitly the geometric information of the bodies, the wind field forces are applied to each body of the pantograph as timedependent nonlinear external forces. These wind forces are characterized either by using computational fluid dynamics or experimental testing in a wind tunnel. The proposed methodologies are demonstrated by the application to real operation scenarios for high speed trains.

Influence of the aerodynamic forces on the pantograph-catenary system for high speed trains

COLLINA, ANDREA;FACCHINETTI, ALAN
2007-01-01

Abstract

Most of the high-speed trains in operation today have the electrical power supply delivered through the pantograph-catenary system. The understanding of the dynamics of this system is fundamental since it contributes to decrease the number of incidents related to these components, to reduce the maintenance and to improve interoperability. From the mechanical point of view, the most important feature of the pantograph-catenary system consists in the quality of the contact between the contact wire of the catenary and the contact strips of the pantograph. The catenary is represented by a finite element model while the pantograph is described by a detailed multibody model, analyzed through two independent codes in a cosimulation environment. A computational procedure ensuring the efficient communication between the multibody and finite element codes, through shared computer memory, and a suitable contact force models were developed. The models presented here are contributions for the identification of the dynamic behaviour of the pantograph and of the interaction phenomena in the pantograph-catenary system of high-speed trains due to the action of aerodynamics forces. The wind forces are applied on the catenary by distributing them on the finite element mesh. Since the multibody formulation does not include explicitly the geometric information of the bodies, the wind field forces are applied to each body of the pantograph as timedependent nonlinear external forces. These wind forces are characterized either by using computational fluid dynamics or experimental testing in a wind tunnel. The proposed methodologies are demonstrated by the application to real operation scenarios for high speed trains.
Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering Computing (Civil-Comp 2007)
9781905088171
multibody dynamics; pantograph-catenary interaction; contact forces; wind forces
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/266423
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