Seismic metabarriers consist of an array of locally resonant elements (i.e., mechanical resonators) installed over the soil surface, whose design is rationally engineered to reduce ground-induced vibrations and shield vulnerable structures against seismic surface waves. Successful design and implementation of seismic metabarriers require a comprehensive knowledge and characterization of the role played by the model parameters (and their associated uncertainty) governing soil-barrier dynamic interaction. In this context, sensitivity analysis techniques allow assessing the response of a given model through the quantification of the influence and action of model inputs (and model input uncertainties) concerning a target model output. This study relies on global sensitivity analysis techniques to investigate the influence that the uncertainty associated with three key mechanical parameters of a metabarrier (i.e., soil density, soil shear modulus, and mass of mechanical resonators) has on its seismic isolation performance. The latter is measured in terms of transmission coefficient (TC). We do so by employing a two-dimensional wave finite element model developed under the plane-strain conditions to evaluate the dispersion relation and transmission coefficient of a metabarrier interacting with Rayleigh waves in the low-frequency regime (i.e., frequencies between 2 Hz and 7 Hz). Our results suggest that the shear modulus is the uncertain parameter with the most significant influence on the transmission coefficient of the metabarrier across the entire frequency range of interest. Otherwise, the resonator mass plays a substantial role in the frequency range close to the metabarrier resonant frequency.

Uncertainty quantification and global sensitivity analysis of seismic metabarriers

Sandoval Pabon L.;Guadagnini A.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Seismic metabarriers consist of an array of locally resonant elements (i.e., mechanical resonators) installed over the soil surface, whose design is rationally engineered to reduce ground-induced vibrations and shield vulnerable structures against seismic surface waves. Successful design and implementation of seismic metabarriers require a comprehensive knowledge and characterization of the role played by the model parameters (and their associated uncertainty) governing soil-barrier dynamic interaction. In this context, sensitivity analysis techniques allow assessing the response of a given model through the quantification of the influence and action of model inputs (and model input uncertainties) concerning a target model output. This study relies on global sensitivity analysis techniques to investigate the influence that the uncertainty associated with three key mechanical parameters of a metabarrier (i.e., soil density, soil shear modulus, and mass of mechanical resonators) has on its seismic isolation performance. The latter is measured in terms of transmission coefficient (TC). We do so by employing a two-dimensional wave finite element model developed under the plane-strain conditions to evaluate the dispersion relation and transmission coefficient of a metabarrier interacting with Rayleigh waves in the low-frequency regime (i.e., frequencies between 2 Hz and 7 Hz). Our results suggest that the shear modulus is the uncertain parameter with the most significant influence on the transmission coefficient of the metabarrier across the entire frequency range of interest. Otherwise, the resonator mass plays a substantial role in the frequency range close to the metabarrier resonant frequency.
2023
Global sensitivity analysis
Metabarrier
Polynomial chaos expansion
Seismic metamaterials
Seismic surface waves
Surrogate modeling
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1261977
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