The growing environmental concerns have driven catalytic CO2 valorization as a forward-looking solution to mitigate the carbon footprint of valuable chemical products. CO2 conversion processes into synthesis gas, such as CO2 reforming of methane (CRM) or reverse water–gas shift (RWGS), may have a strategic role for the future sustainable production of chemicals and energy carriers. However, fuel combustion to supply the heat of the associated endothermic reactions would result in unwanted CO2 emissions, frustrating the overall objective. Electrification of the endothermic processes may represent the technological solution to such an issue. Here we report a promising approach for the direct electrification of the CO2 reforming of methane (eCRM) and reverse water–gas shift (eRWGS) processes in washcoated structured reactors. We employ catalytically activated open-cell foams that provide optimal heat and mass transfer properties and serve as Joule heating substrates for the catalytic conversion of CO2 via reaction with methane or hydrogen. The proposed reactor system with Joule-heated Rh/Al2O3-coated foam exhibited excellent catalytic and electrical stability for more than 75 h, operating up to 800 °C and approaching equilibrium conversion at high space velocity, i.e., GHSV of 600 and 100 kNl/kgcat/h for eRWGS and eCRM, respectively. Such a reactor concept has potential to ensure remarkably low specific energy demand for CO2 valorization. Assuming an optimized process configuration approx. 0.7 kWh/Nm3CO2 is calculated for eRWGS. By replacing fuel combustion with Joule heating driven by renewable electricity, the electrified CO2 valorization processes provide an important approach for dealing with the intermittent nature of renewable sources by storing the energy in chemicals with a low carbon footprint.

Electrified CO2 valorization driven by direct Joule heating of catalytic cellular substrates

Lei Zheng;Matteo Ambrosetti;Alessandra Beretta;Gianpiero Groppi;Enrico Tronconi
2023-01-01

Abstract

The growing environmental concerns have driven catalytic CO2 valorization as a forward-looking solution to mitigate the carbon footprint of valuable chemical products. CO2 conversion processes into synthesis gas, such as CO2 reforming of methane (CRM) or reverse water–gas shift (RWGS), may have a strategic role for the future sustainable production of chemicals and energy carriers. However, fuel combustion to supply the heat of the associated endothermic reactions would result in unwanted CO2 emissions, frustrating the overall objective. Electrification of the endothermic processes may represent the technological solution to such an issue. Here we report a promising approach for the direct electrification of the CO2 reforming of methane (eCRM) and reverse water–gas shift (eRWGS) processes in washcoated structured reactors. We employ catalytically activated open-cell foams that provide optimal heat and mass transfer properties and serve as Joule heating substrates for the catalytic conversion of CO2 via reaction with methane or hydrogen. The proposed reactor system with Joule-heated Rh/Al2O3-coated foam exhibited excellent catalytic and electrical stability for more than 75 h, operating up to 800 °C and approaching equilibrium conversion at high space velocity, i.e., GHSV of 600 and 100 kNl/kgcat/h for eRWGS and eCRM, respectively. Such a reactor concept has potential to ensure remarkably low specific energy demand for CO2 valorization. Assuming an optimized process configuration approx. 0.7 kWh/Nm3CO2 is calculated for eRWGS. By replacing fuel combustion with Joule heating driven by renewable electricity, the electrified CO2 valorization processes provide an important approach for dealing with the intermittent nature of renewable sources by storing the energy in chemicals with a low carbon footprint.
2023
ElectrificationJoule heatingCO2 valorizationReverse water–gas shiftCO2 reforming of methaneOpen-cell foam
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1237330
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