The state-of-energy (SOE) and state-of-health (SOH) are two crucial quotas in the battery management systems, whose accurate estimation is facing challenges by electric vehicles' (EVs) complexity and changeable external environment. Although the machine learning algorithm can significantly improve the accuracy of battery estimation, it cannot be performed on the vehicle control unit as it requires a large amount of data and computing power. This paper proposes a joint SOE and SOH prediction algorithm, which combines long short-term memory (LSTM), Bi-directional LSTM (Bi-LSTM), and convolutional neural networks (CNNs) for EVs based on vehicle-cloud collaboration. Firstly, the indicator of battery performance degradation is extracted for SOH prediction according to the historical data; the Bayesian optimization approach is applied to the SOH prediction combined with Bi-LSTM. Then, the CNN-LSTM is implemented to provide direct and nonlinear mapping models for SOE. These direct mapping models avoid parameter identification and updating, which are applicable in cases with complex operating conditions. Finally, the SOH correction in SOE estimation achieves the joint estimation with different time scales. With the validation of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration battery data set, as well as the established battery platform, the error of the proposed method is kept within 3%. The proposed vehicle-cloud approach performs high-precision joint estimation of battery SOE and SOH. It can not only use the battery historical data of the cloud platform to predict the SOH but also correct the SOE according to the predicted value of the SOH. The feasibility of vehicle-cloud collaboration is promising in future battery management systems.

A Learning-Based Vehicle-Cloud Collaboration Approach for Joint Estimation of State-of-Energy and State-of-Health

Karimi, Hamid Reza;
2022-01-01

Abstract

The state-of-energy (SOE) and state-of-health (SOH) are two crucial quotas in the battery management systems, whose accurate estimation is facing challenges by electric vehicles' (EVs) complexity and changeable external environment. Although the machine learning algorithm can significantly improve the accuracy of battery estimation, it cannot be performed on the vehicle control unit as it requires a large amount of data and computing power. This paper proposes a joint SOE and SOH prediction algorithm, which combines long short-term memory (LSTM), Bi-directional LSTM (Bi-LSTM), and convolutional neural networks (CNNs) for EVs based on vehicle-cloud collaboration. Firstly, the indicator of battery performance degradation is extracted for SOH prediction according to the historical data; the Bayesian optimization approach is applied to the SOH prediction combined with Bi-LSTM. Then, the CNN-LSTM is implemented to provide direct and nonlinear mapping models for SOE. These direct mapping models avoid parameter identification and updating, which are applicable in cases with complex operating conditions. Finally, the SOH correction in SOE estimation achieves the joint estimation with different time scales. With the validation of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration battery data set, as well as the established battery platform, the error of the proposed method is kept within 3%. The proposed vehicle-cloud approach performs high-precision joint estimation of battery SOE and SOH. It can not only use the battery historical data of the cloud platform to predict the SOH but also correct the SOE according to the predicted value of the SOH. The feasibility of vehicle-cloud collaboration is promising in future battery management systems.
2022
joint estimation
state of energy
state of health
vehicle-cloud collaboration
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1232441
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