An analytical procedure based on the SLaMA (Simplified Lateral Mechanism Analysis) method is proposed for the seismic vulnerability assessment of UnReinforced Masonry (URM) structures. The procedure considers an equivalent frame discretization for the structure (pier, spandrel, and joint elements) and includes: (i) the evaluation of moment‒rotation capacity curves at each pier-spandrel subassembly; (ii) the assessment of the hierarchy of strength in each subassembly; and (iii) the calculation of the structure capacity curve according to the expected failure mechanism. Validation of the proposed SLaMA-URM procedure is achieved in a one-story URM substructure tested under lateral cyclic loading. The analytical predictions are compared with numerical ones from a 2D continuous finite element (FE) model based on a macro-modelling strategy. The flexural capacity of the components is estimated using a monolithic beam analogy, and the results compared with those from traditional sectional analysis. The influence of the substructure geometry on the hierarchy of strength at the subassembly and global levels is investigated. An analytical formulation of the pier-spandrel joint strength is also proposed to be considered in the assessment of the hierarchy of strength. The method is validated for a one-story substructure subjected to lateral in-plane loading. Results, in terms of crack patterns and capacity curves, are in relatively good agreement with the experimental and FE results, even when a bilinear curve approximation is used. The potential of the SLaMA-URM method for the seismic assessment of URM buildings is demonstrated, whose application to a larger URM structure is planned as a subsequent study.

SLaMA-URM method for the seismic vulnerability assessment of UnReinforced Masonry structures: Formulation and validation for a substructure

da Silva Luis C.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

An analytical procedure based on the SLaMA (Simplified Lateral Mechanism Analysis) method is proposed for the seismic vulnerability assessment of UnReinforced Masonry (URM) structures. The procedure considers an equivalent frame discretization for the structure (pier, spandrel, and joint elements) and includes: (i) the evaluation of moment‒rotation capacity curves at each pier-spandrel subassembly; (ii) the assessment of the hierarchy of strength in each subassembly; and (iii) the calculation of the structure capacity curve according to the expected failure mechanism. Validation of the proposed SLaMA-URM procedure is achieved in a one-story URM substructure tested under lateral cyclic loading. The analytical predictions are compared with numerical ones from a 2D continuous finite element (FE) model based on a macro-modelling strategy. The flexural capacity of the components is estimated using a monolithic beam analogy, and the results compared with those from traditional sectional analysis. The influence of the substructure geometry on the hierarchy of strength at the subassembly and global levels is investigated. An analytical formulation of the pier-spandrel joint strength is also proposed to be considered in the assessment of the hierarchy of strength. The method is validated for a one-story substructure subjected to lateral in-plane loading. Results, in terms of crack patterns and capacity curves, are in relatively good agreement with the experimental and FE results, even when a bilinear curve approximation is used. The potential of the SLaMA-URM method for the seismic assessment of URM buildings is demonstrated, whose application to a larger URM structure is planned as a subsequent study.
2023
Geometry influence
Lateral mechanism analysis
Numerical simulation
Pier-spandrel joint
Simple benchmark substructure
URM structures
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1228256
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