New generation of multi-core fiber laser sources provide in-source dynamic beam shaping. Such sources can switch between Gaussian and ring beams, providing new irradiance profiles. The new irradiance profiles add up to the process flexibility for controlling the temperature fields generated in the laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) process. On the other hand, they bring further complexity as new process parameters should be defined and their influence on the mechanical properties unveiled. Accordingly, this work studies the use of seven different beam shapes provided by a multi-core industrial fiber laser source with beam diameters varying between 47 μm to 144 μm during the LPBF of AlSi7Mg0.6 alloy. The beam spatial profiles were measured and descriptive irradiance parameters were defined. The Al-alloy constituted a challenging material type due to its high reflectivity and low melting point, hence, more prone to lack-of-fusion and keyhole defects. LPBF experiments were conducted at fixed energy density and peak irradiance levels investigating the influence of the beam shapes on the melt pool geometry in prismatic samples. The results showed that the peak irradiance and the ring intensity had a direct impact on the melt pool aspect ratio (AR) and melt pool depth to layer thickness ratio (h/z). With all the conditions providing adequately dense parts (>99.5 %), the mechanical properties were found to be correlated to the melt pool geometry. The results confirm that the beam shape can be tuned between the central peak and the ring to further manipulate the material properties in LPBF.

The influence of novel beam shapes on melt pool shape and mechanical properties of LPBF produced Al-alloy

Galbusera F.;Caprio L.;Previtali B.;Demir A. G.
2023-01-01

Abstract

New generation of multi-core fiber laser sources provide in-source dynamic beam shaping. Such sources can switch between Gaussian and ring beams, providing new irradiance profiles. The new irradiance profiles add up to the process flexibility for controlling the temperature fields generated in the laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) process. On the other hand, they bring further complexity as new process parameters should be defined and their influence on the mechanical properties unveiled. Accordingly, this work studies the use of seven different beam shapes provided by a multi-core industrial fiber laser source with beam diameters varying between 47 μm to 144 μm during the LPBF of AlSi7Mg0.6 alloy. The beam spatial profiles were measured and descriptive irradiance parameters were defined. The Al-alloy constituted a challenging material type due to its high reflectivity and low melting point, hence, more prone to lack-of-fusion and keyhole defects. LPBF experiments were conducted at fixed energy density and peak irradiance levels investigating the influence of the beam shapes on the melt pool geometry in prismatic samples. The results showed that the peak irradiance and the ring intensity had a direct impact on the melt pool aspect ratio (AR) and melt pool depth to layer thickness ratio (h/z). With all the conditions providing adequately dense parts (>99.5 %), the mechanical properties were found to be correlated to the melt pool geometry. The results confirm that the beam shape can be tuned between the central peak and the ring to further manipulate the material properties in LPBF.
2023
Additive manufacturing
Beam shaping
Irradiance profile
Laser powder bed fusion
Non-Gaussian beams
Ring beams
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1227377
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