One of the most interesting applications of Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) is the possibility of providing real-time information on the conditions of civil infrastructures during and following disastrous events, thus supporting decision-makers in prompt emergency operations. The Bayesian decision theory provides a rigorous framework to quantify the benefit of SHM through the Value of Information (VoI) accounting for different sources of uncertainties. This decision theory is based on utility considerations, or, in other words, it is based on risk. Instead, decision-making in emergency management is often based on engineering judgment and heuristic approaches. The goal of this paper is to investigate the impact of different decision scenarios on the VoI. To this aim, a general framework to quantify the benefit of SHM information in emergency management is applied to different decision scenarios concerning bridges under scour and seismic hazards. Results indicate that the considered decision scenario might tremendously affect the results of a VoI analysis. Specifically, the benefit of SHM information could be underestimated when considering non-realistic scenarios, e.g., those based on risk-based decision-making, which are not adopted in practice. Besides, SHM information is particularly valuable when it prevents the selection of suboptimal emergency management actions.

The Benefit of Informed Risk-Based Management of Civil Infrastructures

pier francesco giordano;maria pina limongelli
2022-01-01

Abstract

One of the most interesting applications of Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) is the possibility of providing real-time information on the conditions of civil infrastructures during and following disastrous events, thus supporting decision-makers in prompt emergency operations. The Bayesian decision theory provides a rigorous framework to quantify the benefit of SHM through the Value of Information (VoI) accounting for different sources of uncertainties. This decision theory is based on utility considerations, or, in other words, it is based on risk. Instead, decision-making in emergency management is often based on engineering judgment and heuristic approaches. The goal of this paper is to investigate the impact of different decision scenarios on the VoI. To this aim, a general framework to quantify the benefit of SHM information in emergency management is applied to different decision scenarios concerning bridges under scour and seismic hazards. Results indicate that the considered decision scenario might tremendously affect the results of a VoI analysis. Specifically, the benefit of SHM information could be underestimated when considering non-realistic scenarios, e.g., those based on risk-based decision-making, which are not adopted in practice. Besides, SHM information is particularly valuable when it prevents the selection of suboptimal emergency management actions.
2022
Bayesian decision theory
value of information
structural health monitoring
decisionmaking
bridge management
earthquake
flood
scour
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1227032
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