: Transfer entropy (TE) has been used to identify and quantify interactions between physiological systems. Different methods exist to estimate TE, but there is no consensus about which one performs best in specific applications. In this study, five methods (linear, k-nearest neighbors, fixed-binning with ranking, kernel density estimation and adaptive partitioning) were compared. The comparison was made on three simulation models (linear, nonlinear and linear + nonlinear dynamics). From the simulations, it was found that the best method to quantify the different interactions was adaptive partitioning. This method was then applied on data from a polysomnography study, specifically on the ECG and the respiratory signals (nasal airflow and respiratory effort around the thorax). The hypothesis that the linear and nonlinear components of cardio-respiratory interactions during light and deep sleep change with the sleep stage, was tested. Significant differences, after performing surrogate analysis, indicate an increased TE during deep sleep. However, these differences were found to be dependent on the type of respiratory signal and sampling frequency. These results highlight the importance of selecting the appropriate signals, estimation method and surrogate analysis for the study of linear and nonlinear cardio-respiratory interactions.

Benchmarking Transfer Entropy Methods for the Study of Linear and Nonlinear Cardio-Respiratory Interactions

Caiani, Enrico G;
2021-01-01

Abstract

: Transfer entropy (TE) has been used to identify and quantify interactions between physiological systems. Different methods exist to estimate TE, but there is no consensus about which one performs best in specific applications. In this study, five methods (linear, k-nearest neighbors, fixed-binning with ranking, kernel density estimation and adaptive partitioning) were compared. The comparison was made on three simulation models (linear, nonlinear and linear + nonlinear dynamics). From the simulations, it was found that the best method to quantify the different interactions was adaptive partitioning. This method was then applied on data from a polysomnography study, specifically on the ECG and the respiratory signals (nasal airflow and respiratory effort around the thorax). The hypothesis that the linear and nonlinear components of cardio-respiratory interactions during light and deep sleep change with the sleep stage, was tested. Significant differences, after performing surrogate analysis, indicate an increased TE during deep sleep. However, these differences were found to be dependent on the type of respiratory signal and sampling frequency. These results highlight the importance of selecting the appropriate signals, estimation method and surrogate analysis for the study of linear and nonlinear cardio-respiratory interactions.
2021
cardio-respiratory interactions
polysomnography
surrogate data
transfer entropy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1226813
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