: Although the efficiency of organic polymer-based retinal devices has been proved, the interpretation of the working mechanisms that grant photostimulation at the polymer/neuron interface is still a matter of debate. To contribute solving this issue, we focus here on the characterization of the interface between poly(3-hexyltiophene) films and water by the combined use of electrochemistry and mathematical modeling. Simulations well reproduce the buildup of photovoltage (zero current condition) upon illumination of the working electrode made by a polymer film deposited onto an indium tin oxide (ITO) substrate. Due to the essential unipolar transport in the photoexcited film, diffusion leads to a space charge separation that is responsible for the initial photovoltage. Later, electron transfer reactions toward oxygen in the electrolyte extract negative charge from the polymer. In spite of the simple model studied, all of these considerations shed light on the possible coupling mechanisms between the polymeric device and the living cell, supporting the hypothesis of pseudocapacitive coupling.

Photoelectrochemistry and Drift-Diffusion Simulations in a Polythiophene Film Interfaced with an Electrolyte

Chiaravalli, Greta;Manfredi, Giovanni;Sacco, Riccardo;Lanzani, Guglielmo
2021-01-01

Abstract

: Although the efficiency of organic polymer-based retinal devices has been proved, the interpretation of the working mechanisms that grant photostimulation at the polymer/neuron interface is still a matter of debate. To contribute solving this issue, we focus here on the characterization of the interface between poly(3-hexyltiophene) films and water by the combined use of electrochemistry and mathematical modeling. Simulations well reproduce the buildup of photovoltage (zero current condition) upon illumination of the working electrode made by a polymer film deposited onto an indium tin oxide (ITO) substrate. Due to the essential unipolar transport in the photoexcited film, diffusion leads to a space charge separation that is responsible for the initial photovoltage. Later, electron transfer reactions toward oxygen in the electrolyte extract negative charge from the polymer. In spite of the simple model studied, all of these considerations shed light on the possible coupling mechanisms between the polymeric device and the living cell, supporting the hypothesis of pseudocapacitive coupling.
2021
bioelectronics
drift−diffusion models
photoelectrochemistry
polythiophenes
solid−liquid interface
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1226808
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