In a world accelerating the energy transition towards renewable sources, high voltage transmission lines represent strategic infrastructure for power delivery. Being slender and low-damped structures, HVTL conductors are affected by wind-induced vibrations that can lead to severe fatigue issues in conductors and other components. Vibration monitoring could represent a key activity to assess the safety level of the line and perform condition-based maintenance activities. This work proposes an innovative approach based on the knowledge of the physical phenomena and smart technological devices. A wireless monitoring system based on MEMS accelerometers and energy harvesting techniques has been designed to measure the fymax parameter in the field, which represents a fatigue indicator useful to identify the different wind-induced phenomena and assess the conductors' strain level. A field test on a Canadian transmission line was used in the check of the efficiency of the system and collection of significant data. Vibrations due to vortex shedding were identified with a maximum value of fymax = 50 m/s, while subspan oscillation and galloping were not observed. We show the novel method can detect the different wind-induced phenomena and pave the way to the development of suitable software able to compute a conductor's residual fatigue life.

Analysis of Wind-Induced Vibrations on HVTL Conductors Using Wireless Sensors

Zanelli, Federico;Mauri, Marco;Castelli-Dezza, Francesco;Tarsitano, Davide;Manenti, Alessandra;Diana, Giorgio
2022-01-01

Abstract

In a world accelerating the energy transition towards renewable sources, high voltage transmission lines represent strategic infrastructure for power delivery. Being slender and low-damped structures, HVTL conductors are affected by wind-induced vibrations that can lead to severe fatigue issues in conductors and other components. Vibration monitoring could represent a key activity to assess the safety level of the line and perform condition-based maintenance activities. This work proposes an innovative approach based on the knowledge of the physical phenomena and smart technological devices. A wireless monitoring system based on MEMS accelerometers and energy harvesting techniques has been designed to measure the fymax parameter in the field, which represents a fatigue indicator useful to identify the different wind-induced phenomena and assess the conductors' strain level. A field test on a Canadian transmission line was used in the check of the efficiency of the system and collection of significant data. Vibrations due to vortex shedding were identified with a maximum value of fymax = 50 m/s, while subspan oscillation and galloping were not observed. We show the novel method can detect the different wind-induced phenomena and pave the way to the development of suitable software able to compute a conductor's residual fatigue life.
2022
accelerations
condition-based maintenance
fatigue
fymax
galloping
monitoring
transmission lines
vortex shedding
wind
wireless sensors
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1225711
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