Fourier-plane microscopy is a powerful tool for measuring the angular optical response of a plethora of materials and photonic devices. Among them, optical microcavities feature distinctive energy-momentum dispersions, crucial for a broad range of fundamental studies and applications. However, measuring the whole momentum space (k-space) with sufficient spectral resolution using standard spectroscopic techniques is challenging, requiring long and alignment-sensitive scans. Here, we introduce a k-space hyperspectral microscope, which uses a common-path birefringent interferometer to image photoluminescent organic microcavities, obtaining an angle- and wavelength-resolved view of the samples in only one measurement. The exceptional combination of angular and spectral resolution of our technique allows us to reconstruct a three-dimensional (3D) map of the cavity dispersion in the energy-momentum space, revealing the polarization-dependent behavior of the resonant cavity modes. Furthermore, we apply our technique for the characterization of a dielectric nanodisk metasurface, evidencing the angular and spectral behavior of its anapole mode. This approach is able to provide a complete optical characterization for materials and devices with nontrivial angle-/wavelength-dependent properties, fundamental for future developments in the fields of topological photonics and optical metamaterials.

k-Space Hyperspectral Imaging by a Birefringent Common-Path Interferometer

Genco, Armando;Corti, Matteo;Ardini, Benedetto;Virgili, Tersilla;Bassi, Andrea;Valentini, Gianluca;Cerullo, Giulio;Manzoni, Cristian
2022-01-01

Abstract

Fourier-plane microscopy is a powerful tool for measuring the angular optical response of a plethora of materials and photonic devices. Among them, optical microcavities feature distinctive energy-momentum dispersions, crucial for a broad range of fundamental studies and applications. However, measuring the whole momentum space (k-space) with sufficient spectral resolution using standard spectroscopic techniques is challenging, requiring long and alignment-sensitive scans. Here, we introduce a k-space hyperspectral microscope, which uses a common-path birefringent interferometer to image photoluminescent organic microcavities, obtaining an angle- and wavelength-resolved view of the samples in only one measurement. The exceptional combination of angular and spectral resolution of our technique allows us to reconstruct a three-dimensional (3D) map of the cavity dispersion in the energy-momentum space, revealing the polarization-dependent behavior of the resonant cavity modes. Furthermore, we apply our technique for the characterization of a dielectric nanodisk metasurface, evidencing the angular and spectral behavior of its anapole mode. This approach is able to provide a complete optical characterization for materials and devices with nontrivial angle-/wavelength-dependent properties, fundamental for future developments in the fields of topological photonics and optical metamaterials.
birefringent interferometer
metasurface
k-space
hyperspectral imaging
optical microcavity
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1224545
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