The effect of streamwise-traveling waves of spanwise wall velocity (StTW) on the quasistreamwise vortices (QSV) populating the near-wall region of turbulent channels is studied via a conditional averaging technique applied to flow snapshots obtained via direct numerical simulation. The analysis by Yakeno, Hasegawa, and Kasagi [Phys. Fluids 26, 085109 (2014)], where the special case of spatially uniform wall oscillation (OW) was considered, is extended to the general case of StTW, which yield both reduction and increase of turbulent skin-friction drag. StTW are found to significantly impact the wall-normal distribution of the vortex population. The conditionally averaged velocity field around the vortices shows that the contributions of the QSV to the quadrant Reynolds shear stresses change significantly during the control cycle. On the one hand, as for OW, the suppression of Q2 events (with upwelling of low-speed fluid away from the wall) dominates the drag-reduction process. On the other hand, the enhancement of Q2 and also Q4 events (with downwelling of high-speed fluid toward the wall) is related to drag increase. Based on the link identified between the phase changes of the Reynolds stresses and the principal directions of the rate-of-strain tensor induced by the StTW, a predictive correlation for drag reduction by StTW is proposed which uses physically significant parameters to overcome the shortcomings of existing models.

Coherent near-wall structures and drag reduction by spanwise forcing

Gallorini, Emanuele;Quadrio, Maurizio;
2022-01-01

Abstract

The effect of streamwise-traveling waves of spanwise wall velocity (StTW) on the quasistreamwise vortices (QSV) populating the near-wall region of turbulent channels is studied via a conditional averaging technique applied to flow snapshots obtained via direct numerical simulation. The analysis by Yakeno, Hasegawa, and Kasagi [Phys. Fluids 26, 085109 (2014)], where the special case of spatially uniform wall oscillation (OW) was considered, is extended to the general case of StTW, which yield both reduction and increase of turbulent skin-friction drag. StTW are found to significantly impact the wall-normal distribution of the vortex population. The conditionally averaged velocity field around the vortices shows that the contributions of the QSV to the quadrant Reynolds shear stresses change significantly during the control cycle. On the one hand, as for OW, the suppression of Q2 events (with upwelling of low-speed fluid away from the wall) dominates the drag-reduction process. On the other hand, the enhancement of Q2 and also Q4 events (with downwelling of high-speed fluid toward the wall) is related to drag increase. Based on the link identified between the phase changes of the Reynolds stresses and the principal directions of the rate-of-strain tensor induced by the StTW, a predictive correlation for drag reduction by StTW is proposed which uses physically significant parameters to overcome the shortcomings of existing models.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1223738
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