One of the objectives fostered in medical science is the so-called precision medicine, which requires the analysis of a large amount of survival data from patients to deeply understand treatment options. Tools like machine learning (ML) and deep neural networks are becoming a de-facto standard. Nowadays, computing facilities based on the Von Neumann architecture are devoted to these tasks, yet rapidly hitting a bottleneck in performance and energy efficiency. The in-memory computing (IMC) architecture emerged as a revolutionary approach to overcome that issue. In this work, we propose an IMC architecture based on resistive switching memory (RRAM) crossbar arrays to provide a convenient primitive for matrix-vector multiplication in a single computational step. This opens massive performance improvement in the acceleration of a neural network that is frequently used in survival analysis of biomedical records, namely the DeepSurv. We explored how the synaptic weights mapping strategy and the programming algorithms developed to counter RRAM non-idealities expose a performance/energy trade-off. Finally, we discussed how this application is tailored for the IMC architecture rather than being executed on commodity systems.

An energy-efficient in-memory computing architecture for survival data analysis based on resistive switching memories

Glukhov, Artem;Ielmini, Daniele;
2022-01-01

Abstract

One of the objectives fostered in medical science is the so-called precision medicine, which requires the analysis of a large amount of survival data from patients to deeply understand treatment options. Tools like machine learning (ML) and deep neural networks are becoming a de-facto standard. Nowadays, computing facilities based on the Von Neumann architecture are devoted to these tasks, yet rapidly hitting a bottleneck in performance and energy efficiency. The in-memory computing (IMC) architecture emerged as a revolutionary approach to overcome that issue. In this work, we propose an IMC architecture based on resistive switching memory (RRAM) crossbar arrays to provide a convenient primitive for matrix-vector multiplication in a single computational step. This opens massive performance improvement in the acceleration of a neural network that is frequently used in survival analysis of biomedical records, namely the DeepSurv. We explored how the synaptic weights mapping strategy and the programming algorithms developed to counter RRAM non-idealities expose a performance/energy trade-off. Finally, we discussed how this application is tailored for the IMC architecture rather than being executed on commodity systems.
drift
in-memory computing (IMC)
multi level conductance
resistive RAM (RRAM)
survival analysis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1222121
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