We investigate the steady motion of solid particles through successive jumps over a horizontal, rigid, bumpy bed driven by the shearing of a viscous fluid in the absence of turbulence, lubrication forces and collisions above the bed. We employ a discrete element method for the particles coupled to a mean field continuum model for the fluid to run quasi-two-dimensional simulations that we compare with the predictions of a simple model which assumes that all the particles follow identical periodic trajectories determined by the intensity of the shearing and compatible with previously suggested laws relating the particle velocities before and after the impact with the bed. We solve the periodic model both numerically and analytically, and identify the solutions that are linearly stable to small perturbations. We show that the stable solutions of the periodic model are in qualitative and quantitative agreement with the discrete simulations, as long as the number of moving particles in the system is not too large. The discrete simulations further reveal that there are two distinct families of particle trajectories, and that the simple periodic model is actually a good representation of the more energetic particles, that spend most of their time in the upper flow layers where they can gain momentum from the flow.

Particle saltation over rigid bumpy beds in viscous shearing flows

Berzi, D
2022-01-01

Abstract

We investigate the steady motion of solid particles through successive jumps over a horizontal, rigid, bumpy bed driven by the shearing of a viscous fluid in the absence of turbulence, lubrication forces and collisions above the bed. We employ a discrete element method for the particles coupled to a mean field continuum model for the fluid to run quasi-two-dimensional simulations that we compare with the predictions of a simple model which assumes that all the particles follow identical periodic trajectories determined by the intensity of the shearing and compatible with previously suggested laws relating the particle velocities before and after the impact with the bed. We solve the periodic model both numerically and analytically, and identify the solutions that are linearly stable to small perturbations. We show that the stable solutions of the periodic model are in qualitative and quantitative agreement with the discrete simulations, as long as the number of moving particles in the system is not too large. The discrete simulations further reveal that there are two distinct families of particle trajectories, and that the simple periodic model is actually a good representation of the more energetic particles, that spend most of their time in the upper flow layers where they can gain momentum from the flow.
sediment transport
Stokesian dynamics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1220896
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