Background: The performance of self-expandable stents is being increasingly studied by means of finite-element analysis. As for peripheral stents, transcatheter valves and stent-grafts, there are numerous computational studies for setting up a proper model, this information is missing for stent-retrievers used in the procedure of thrombus removal in cerebral arteries. It is well known that the selection of the appropriate finite-element dimensions (topology) and formulations (typology) is a fundamental step to set up accurate and reliable computational simulations. In this context, a thorough verification analysis is here proposed, aimed at investigating how the different element typologies and topologies -available to model a stent-retriever -affect simulation results.Method: Hexahedral and beam element formulations were analyzed first individually by virtually replicating a crimping test on the device, and then by replicating the thrombectomy procedure aiming at removing a thrombus from a cerebral vessel. In particular, three discretization refinements for each element type and different element formulations including both full and reduced integration were investigated and compared in terms of the resultant radial force of the stent and the stress field generated in the thrombus.Results: The sensitivity analysis on the element formulation performed with the crimping simulations allowed the identification of the optimal setting for each element family. Both setting lead to similar results in terms of stent performance in the virtual thrombectomy and should be used in future studies simulating the mechanical thrombectomy with stent-retrievers.Conclusions: The carried out virtual thrombectomy procedures confirmed that the beam element formulation results were sufficiently accurate to model the radial force and the performance of the stent-retriever during the procedure. For different self-expandable stents, hexahedral formulation could be essential in stress analysis.

Self-expandable stent for thrombus removal modeling: Solid or beam finite elements?

Luraghi, Giulia;Bridio, Sara;Migliavacca, Francesco;Rodriguez Matas, Jose Felix
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: The performance of self-expandable stents is being increasingly studied by means of finite-element analysis. As for peripheral stents, transcatheter valves and stent-grafts, there are numerous computational studies for setting up a proper model, this information is missing for stent-retrievers used in the procedure of thrombus removal in cerebral arteries. It is well known that the selection of the appropriate finite-element dimensions (topology) and formulations (typology) is a fundamental step to set up accurate and reliable computational simulations. In this context, a thorough verification analysis is here proposed, aimed at investigating how the different element typologies and topologies -available to model a stent-retriever -affect simulation results.Method: Hexahedral and beam element formulations were analyzed first individually by virtually replicating a crimping test on the device, and then by replicating the thrombectomy procedure aiming at removing a thrombus from a cerebral vessel. In particular, three discretization refinements for each element type and different element formulations including both full and reduced integration were investigated and compared in terms of the resultant radial force of the stent and the stress field generated in the thrombus.Results: The sensitivity analysis on the element formulation performed with the crimping simulations allowed the identification of the optimal setting for each element family. Both setting lead to similar results in terms of stent performance in the virtual thrombectomy and should be used in future studies simulating the mechanical thrombectomy with stent-retrievers.Conclusions: The carried out virtual thrombectomy procedures confirmed that the beam element formulation results were sufficiently accurate to model the radial force and the performance of the stent-retriever during the procedure. For different self-expandable stents, hexahedral formulation could be essential in stress analysis.
2022
FEA
FEM
in silico
thrombectomy
verification
Finite Element Analysis
Humans
Mechanical Phenomena
Treatment Outcome
Stents
Thrombosis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1219869
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