Background: Superficial femoral arteries (SFAs) treated with self-expanding stents are widely affected by in-stent restenosis (ISR), especially in case of long lesions and multiple overlapping devices. The altered hemodynamics provoked by the stent is considered as a promoting factor of ISR. In this context, this work aims to analyze the impact of stent design and stent overlapping on patient-specific SFA hemodynamics. Methods: Through a morphing technique, single or multiple stents were virtually implanted within two patient-specific, post-operative SFA models reconstructed from computed tomography. The stented domains were used to perform computational fluid dynamics simulations, quantifying wall shear stress (WSS) based descriptors including time-averaged WSS (TAWSS), oscillatory shear index (OSI), transverse WSS (transWSS), and WSS ratio (WSSRATIO). Four stent designs (three laser-cut – EverFlex, Zilver and S.M.A.R.T. – and one prototype braided stent), and three typical clinical scenarios accounting for different order of stent implantation and overlapping length were compared. Results: The main hemodynamic differences were found between the two types of stent designs (i.e. laser-cut vs. braided stents). The braided stent presented lower median transWSS and higher median WSSRATIO than the laser-cut stents (p < 0.0001). The laser-cut stents presented comparable WSS-based descriptor values, except for the Zilver, exhibiting a median TAWSS ∼30% higher than the other stents. Stent overlapping provoked an abrupt alteration of the WSS-based descriptors. The overlapping length, rather than the order of stent implantation, highly and negatively impacted the hemodynamics. Conclusion: The proposed computational workflow compared different SFA stent designs and stent overlapping configurations, highlighting those providing the most favorable hemodynamic conditions.

Superficial femoral artery stenting: Impact of stent design and overlapping on the local hemodynamics

Colombo M.;Corti A.;Bernini M.;Migliavacca F.;
2022

Abstract

Background: Superficial femoral arteries (SFAs) treated with self-expanding stents are widely affected by in-stent restenosis (ISR), especially in case of long lesions and multiple overlapping devices. The altered hemodynamics provoked by the stent is considered as a promoting factor of ISR. In this context, this work aims to analyze the impact of stent design and stent overlapping on patient-specific SFA hemodynamics. Methods: Through a morphing technique, single or multiple stents were virtually implanted within two patient-specific, post-operative SFA models reconstructed from computed tomography. The stented domains were used to perform computational fluid dynamics simulations, quantifying wall shear stress (WSS) based descriptors including time-averaged WSS (TAWSS), oscillatory shear index (OSI), transverse WSS (transWSS), and WSS ratio (WSSRATIO). Four stent designs (three laser-cut – EverFlex, Zilver and S.M.A.R.T. – and one prototype braided stent), and three typical clinical scenarios accounting for different order of stent implantation and overlapping length were compared. Results: The main hemodynamic differences were found between the two types of stent designs (i.e. laser-cut vs. braided stents). The braided stent presented lower median transWSS and higher median WSSRATIO than the laser-cut stents (p < 0.0001). The laser-cut stents presented comparable WSS-based descriptor values, except for the Zilver, exhibiting a median TAWSS ∼30% higher than the other stents. Stent overlapping provoked an abrupt alteration of the WSS-based descriptors. The overlapping length, rather than the order of stent implantation, highly and negatively impacted the hemodynamics. Conclusion: The proposed computational workflow compared different SFA stent designs and stent overlapping configurations, highlighting those providing the most favorable hemodynamic conditions.
3D reconstruction
Computational fluid dynamics
Computed tomography
Computer simulation
Endovascular treatment
Mesh morphing
Peripheral artery disease
Wall shear stress
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1218982
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