Bolt preload is a critical parameter in bolted connections with a strong influence on their general structural behavior. Traditional bolt preload estimation methods are sensitive to the surface conditions of the fastening elements while more accurate measuring methods might require significant modifications of the connection, such as embedded sensors. In this study, a novel contactless bolt preload monitoring method based on Digital Image Correlation measurements of the bolt elongation was developed. A fixed bolted setup was designed to validate the optical measurements with laser triangulation and three-dimensional point tracking, while the bolt preload was monitored with an embedded load cell. Two M16 bolt classes, 8.8 and 10.9, and multiple bolt lengths were evaluated. The bolt preload and displacement results correlated well with the available bolt theoretical models and an accurate preload estimation was possible. An analysis on the method resolution demonstrates that better resolutions are achieved with slender and long bolts. The method resolution is estimated to be under 2.25% and 1.8% of the recommended bolt preload value for each bolt class, respectively.

A Novel Contactless Bolt Preload Monitoring Method Using Digital Image Correlation

Lavatelli A.;Zappa E.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Bolt preload is a critical parameter in bolted connections with a strong influence on their general structural behavior. Traditional bolt preload estimation methods are sensitive to the surface conditions of the fastening elements while more accurate measuring methods might require significant modifications of the connection, such as embedded sensors. In this study, a novel contactless bolt preload monitoring method based on Digital Image Correlation measurements of the bolt elongation was developed. A fixed bolted setup was designed to validate the optical measurements with laser triangulation and three-dimensional point tracking, while the bolt preload was monitored with an embedded load cell. Two M16 bolt classes, 8.8 and 10.9, and multiple bolt lengths were evaluated. The bolt preload and displacement results correlated well with the available bolt theoretical models and an accurate preload estimation was possible. An analysis on the method resolution demonstrates that better resolutions are achieved with slender and long bolts. The method resolution is estimated to be under 2.25% and 1.8% of the recommended bolt preload value for each bolt class, respectively.
2021
Bolted connections
Clamping force
Digital image correlation
Preload
Pretension
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
ANovelContactlessBoltPreloadMo.pdf

Accesso riservato

Descrizione: Paper
: Publisher’s version
Dimensione 2.61 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.61 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1218953
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact