Purpose of Review: Application of deep learning (DL) is growing in the last years, especially in the healthcare domain. This review presents the current state of DL techniques applied to electronic health record structured data, physiological signals, and imaging modalities for the management of heart failure (HF), focusing in particular on diagnosis, prognosis, and re-hospitalization risk, to explore the level of maturity of DL in this field. Recent Findings: DL allows a better integration of different data sources to distillate more accurate outcomes in HF patients, thus resulting in better performance when compared to conventional evaluation methods. While applications in image and signal processing for HF diagnosis have reached very high performance, the application of DL to electronic health records and its multisource data for prediction could still be improved, despite the already promising results. Summary: Embracing the current big data era, DL can improve performance compared to conventional techniques and machine learning approaches. DL algorithms have potential to provide more efficient care and improve outcomes of HF patients, although further investigations are needed to overcome current limitations, including results generalizability and transparency and explicability of the evidences supporting the process.

Decision Support Systems in HF based on Deep Learning Technologies

Solbiati S.;Moccia S.;Caiani E. G.
2022

Abstract

Purpose of Review: Application of deep learning (DL) is growing in the last years, especially in the healthcare domain. This review presents the current state of DL techniques applied to electronic health record structured data, physiological signals, and imaging modalities for the management of heart failure (HF), focusing in particular on diagnosis, prognosis, and re-hospitalization risk, to explore the level of maturity of DL in this field. Recent Findings: DL allows a better integration of different data sources to distillate more accurate outcomes in HF patients, thus resulting in better performance when compared to conventional evaluation methods. While applications in image and signal processing for HF diagnosis have reached very high performance, the application of DL to electronic health records and its multisource data for prediction could still be improved, despite the already promising results. Summary: Embracing the current big data era, DL can improve performance compared to conventional techniques and machine learning approaches. DL algorithms have potential to provide more efficient care and improve outcomes of HF patients, although further investigations are needed to overcome current limitations, including results generalizability and transparency and explicability of the evidences supporting the process.
Artificial intelligence
Deep learning
Diagnosis
Heart failure
Prognosis
Readmission
Algorithms
Big Data
Humans
Machine Learning
Deep Learning
Heart Failure
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1217030
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