This paper presents a model predictive control (MPC) algorithm for a three-level neutral point clamped converter connected to the grid via an LCL filter. The proposed long horizon MPC method, formulated as a multi-criterion quadratic program (QP), simultaneously controls the grid and converter current as well as the filter capacitor voltage, while meeting the relevant grid standards. To achieve the latter, a carrier-based pulse width modulation (CB-PWM) stage is employed. Finally, soft constraints are included to ensure operation of the system within its safe operating limits, particularly with regards to a potential overcurrent or overvoltage trip during transient operation. The presented simulation results based on a medium-voltage system as well as experimental studies based on a scaled-down prototype verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.

An Indirect Model Predictive Control Method for Grid-Connected Three-Level Neutral Point Clamped Converters with LCL Filters

Rossi M.;Castelli-Dezza Francesco
2022

Abstract

This paper presents a model predictive control (MPC) algorithm for a three-level neutral point clamped converter connected to the grid via an LCL filter. The proposed long horizon MPC method, formulated as a multi-criterion quadratic program (QP), simultaneously controls the grid and converter current as well as the filter capacitor voltage, while meeting the relevant grid standards. To achieve the latter, a carrier-based pulse width modulation (CB-PWM) stage is employed. Finally, soft constraints are included to ensure operation of the system within its safe operating limits, particularly with regards to a potential overcurrent or overvoltage trip during transient operation. The presented simulation results based on a medium-voltage system as well as experimental studies based on a scaled-down prototype verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.
Capacitors
constraints
Grid-connected power converters
Harmonic analysis
model predictive control (MPC)
Modulation
multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) control
optimal control
Power harmonic filters
quadratic programming
Standards
Switching frequency
Voltage control
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1215796
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