Plasmonic nanoparticles are renowned as efficient heaters due to their capability to resonantly absorb and concentrate electromagnetic radiation, trigger excitation of highly energetic (hot) carriers, and locally convert their excess energy into heat via ultrafast nonradiative relaxation processes. Furthermore, in assembly configurations (i.e., suprastructures), collective effects can even enhance the heating performance. Here, we report on the dynamics of photothermal conversion and the related nonlinear optical response from water-soluble nanoeggs consisting of a Au nanocrystal assembly trapped in a water-soluble shell of ferrite nanocrystals (also called colloidosome) of ∼250-300 nm in size. This nanoegg configuration of the plasmonic assembly enables control of the size of the gold suprastructure core by changing the Au concentration in the chemical synthesis. Different metal concentrations are analyzed by means of ultrafast pump-probe spectroscopy and semiclassical modeling of photothermal dynamics from the onset of hot-carrier photogeneration (few picosecond time scale) to the heating of the matrix ligands in the suprastructure core (hundreds of nanoseconds). Results show the possibility to design and tailor the photothermal properties of the nanoeggs by acting on the core size and indicate superior performances (both in terms of peak temperatures and thermalization speed) compared to conventional (unstructured) nanoheaters of comparable size and chemical composition.

Chemically-Controlled Ultrafast Photothermal Response in Plasmonic Nanostructured Assemblies

Schirato A.;Moretti L.;Mazzanti A.;Cerullo G.;Maiuri M.;Della Valle G.
2022

Abstract

Plasmonic nanoparticles are renowned as efficient heaters due to their capability to resonantly absorb and concentrate electromagnetic radiation, trigger excitation of highly energetic (hot) carriers, and locally convert their excess energy into heat via ultrafast nonradiative relaxation processes. Furthermore, in assembly configurations (i.e., suprastructures), collective effects can even enhance the heating performance. Here, we report on the dynamics of photothermal conversion and the related nonlinear optical response from water-soluble nanoeggs consisting of a Au nanocrystal assembly trapped in a water-soluble shell of ferrite nanocrystals (also called colloidosome) of ∼250-300 nm in size. This nanoegg configuration of the plasmonic assembly enables control of the size of the gold suprastructure core by changing the Au concentration in the chemical synthesis. Different metal concentrations are analyzed by means of ultrafast pump-probe spectroscopy and semiclassical modeling of photothermal dynamics from the onset of hot-carrier photogeneration (few picosecond time scale) to the heating of the matrix ligands in the suprastructure core (hundreds of nanoseconds). Results show the possibility to design and tailor the photothermal properties of the nanoeggs by acting on the core size and indicate superior performances (both in terms of peak temperatures and thermalization speed) compared to conventional (unstructured) nanoheaters of comparable size and chemical composition.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1213007
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