The noise power spectral density of a detector is essential for determining the frequency of operation and readout architecture that yields an optimal signal-to-noise ratio. In this work, we characterize a waveguide-integrated PbTe mid-infrared detector and report on its noise spectrum, highlighting the presence of a current-dependent 1/f term dominating at low frequency and/or high bias over the Johnson component typical of a photoconductor. This behaviour, together with the substantially flat frequency response in the range between 1 kHz to 1 MHz, guide towards a lock-in readout strategy, that allows one to operate in the region of minimum noise without penalties in the detection performance. Practical guidelines to optimize the readout resolution are provided and the limit of detection of a gas sensing system exploiting PbTe photoconductors is derived, as an example of how a careful co-design of sensors and electronics can dramatically improve the detection performance.

1/f Noise characteristics of waveguide-integrated PbTe MIR detectors and impact on limit of detection

Guglielmi E.;Zanetto F.;Ferrari G.;Sampietro M.;
2021

Abstract

The noise power spectral density of a detector is essential for determining the frequency of operation and readout architecture that yields an optimal signal-to-noise ratio. In this work, we characterize a waveguide-integrated PbTe mid-infrared detector and report on its noise spectrum, highlighting the presence of a current-dependent 1/f term dominating at low frequency and/or high bias over the Johnson component typical of a photoconductor. This behaviour, together with the substantially flat frequency response in the range between 1 kHz to 1 MHz, guide towards a lock-in readout strategy, that allows one to operate in the region of minimum noise without penalties in the detection performance. Practical guidelines to optimize the readout resolution are provided and the limit of detection of a gas sensing system exploiting PbTe photoconductors is derived, as an example of how a careful co-design of sensors and electronics can dramatically improve the detection performance.
JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY
Gas sensing
Integrated photonics
Lock-in readout
Noise characterization
Solid-state mir detector
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1212901
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