Nanocellulose (NC) is getting ahead as a renewable, biodegradable and biocompatible bio-material. The NCs for this study were recovered from industrial cotton waste (CFT) by acid hydrolysis (HNC) and by 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPO) mediated oxidation (ONC). They were functionalized by radical based glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) grafting providing crystalline HNC-GMA and ONC-GMA, and by allylation (ALL) providing amorphous HNC-ALL and ONC-ALL. HNC, ONC and their derivatives were chemically and morphologically characterized. Crystalline NCs were found capable to adsorb, from diluted water solution (2 × 10−3 M), the antibiotics van-comycin (VC), ciprofloxacin (CP), amoxicillin (AM) and the disinfectant chlorhexidine (CHX), while amorphous NCs did not show any significant adsorption properties. Adsorption capability was quantified by measuring the concentration change in function of the contact time. The adsorption kinetics follow the pseudo-second order model and show complex adsorption mechanisms investigated by an intraparticle diffusion model and interpreted by structure-property relationships. ONC and ONC-GMA loaded with VC, and HNC and HNC-GMA loaded with CP were not colonized by Staphylococcus aureus and by Klebsiella pneumonia and suggested long lasting release capability. Our results can envisage developing CFT derived NCs for environmental applications (water remediation) and for biomedical applications (antibacterial NC). Among the future developments, it could also be of interest to take advantage of acidic, glycidyl and allyl groups’ reactivity to provide other NCs from the NC object of this study.

Nanocellulose from cotton waste and its glycidyl methacrylate grafting and allylation: Synthesis, characterization and adsorption properties

Vismara E.;Bongio C.;Massironi N.;Zarattini M.;Cosentino C.;
2021

Abstract

Nanocellulose (NC) is getting ahead as a renewable, biodegradable and biocompatible bio-material. The NCs for this study were recovered from industrial cotton waste (CFT) by acid hydrolysis (HNC) and by 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPO) mediated oxidation (ONC). They were functionalized by radical based glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) grafting providing crystalline HNC-GMA and ONC-GMA, and by allylation (ALL) providing amorphous HNC-ALL and ONC-ALL. HNC, ONC and their derivatives were chemically and morphologically characterized. Crystalline NCs were found capable to adsorb, from diluted water solution (2 × 10−3 M), the antibiotics van-comycin (VC), ciprofloxacin (CP), amoxicillin (AM) and the disinfectant chlorhexidine (CHX), while amorphous NCs did not show any significant adsorption properties. Adsorption capability was quantified by measuring the concentration change in function of the contact time. The adsorption kinetics follow the pseudo-second order model and show complex adsorption mechanisms investigated by an intraparticle diffusion model and interpreted by structure-property relationships. ONC and ONC-GMA loaded with VC, and HNC and HNC-GMA loaded with CP were not colonized by Staphylococcus aureus and by Klebsiella pneumonia and suggested long lasting release capability. Our results can envisage developing CFT derived NCs for environmental applications (water remediation) and for biomedical applications (antibacterial NC). Among the future developments, it could also be of interest to take advantage of acidic, glycidyl and allyl groups’ reactivity to provide other NCs from the NC object of this study.
Adsorption
Antibacterial nanocellulose
Antibiotics
Cotton waste
Environment
Glycidyl methacrylate
Nanocellulose
Release
Wastewater
Water remediation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1211363
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