Diffuse correlations spectroscopy (DCS) is a non-invasive optical technique that, studying the speckle intensity fluctuations of light diffused through a biological tissue, measures its microvascular blood flow. Typically, a long coherence length continuous wave source is used, which limits the possibility to resolve the photon path lengths. Recently, time-domain (TD) DCS was proposed, where a pulsed yet coherent light source is used to resolve the speckle fluctuations at different time-of-flights. Due to the constraint of single-speckle detection and time-resolved acquisition, the technique has a limited throughput which limits depth sensitivity. Here, we demonstrate TD DCS with a superconducting nanowire single-photon detector (SNSPD). The SNSPD has a high quantum efficiency and temporal resolution, while maintaining a very low background and no after-pulsing.We report results on phantom and in vivo experiments, which show the potentiality of the proposed detection system for highly accurate TD DCS experiments.

In-vivo time-domain diffuse correlation spectroscopy with a superconducting nanowire single-photon detector

Colombo L.;Lanka P.;Pifferi A.
2021

Abstract

Diffuse correlations spectroscopy (DCS) is a non-invasive optical technique that, studying the speckle intensity fluctuations of light diffused through a biological tissue, measures its microvascular blood flow. Typically, a long coherence length continuous wave source is used, which limits the possibility to resolve the photon path lengths. Recently, time-domain (TD) DCS was proposed, where a pulsed yet coherent light source is used to resolve the speckle fluctuations at different time-of-flights. Due to the constraint of single-speckle detection and time-resolved acquisition, the technique has a limited throughput which limits depth sensitivity. Here, we demonstrate TD DCS with a superconducting nanowire single-photon detector (SNSPD). The SNSPD has a high quantum efficiency and temporal resolution, while maintaining a very low background and no after-pulsing.We report results on phantom and in vivo experiments, which show the potentiality of the proposed detection system for highly accurate TD DCS experiments.
Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
9781510647060
9781510647077
Diffuse correlation spectroscopy
Diffuse Optics
Time-resolved spectroscopy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1208737
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