Pressure gain combustion is a promising alternative to conventional gas turbine technologies and within this class the Rotating Detonation Engine has the greatest potential. The Fickett–Jacobs cycle can theoretically increase the efficiency by 15% for medium pressure ratios, but the combustion chamber delivers a strongly non-uniform flow; in these conditions, conventionally designed turbines are inadequate with an efficiency below 30%. In this paper, an original mean-line code was developed to perform an advanced preliminary design of a supersonic turbine; self-starting capability of the supersonic channel has been verified through Kantrowitz and Donaldson theory; the design of the supersonic profile was carried out employing the Method of Characteristics; an accurate evaluation of the aerodynamic losses has been achieved by considering shock waves, profile, and mixing losses. Afterwards, an automated Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) based optimization process was developed to find the optimal loading condition that minimizes losses while delivering a sufficiently uniform flow at outlet. Finally, a novel parametric analysis was performed considering the effect of inlet angle, Mach number, reaction degree, peripheral velocity, and blade height ratio on the turbine stage performance. This analysis has revealed for the first time, in authors knowledge, that this type of machines can achieve efficiencies over 70%.

Design and Parametric Analysis of a Supersonic Turbine for Rotating Detonation Engine Applications

Mushtaq N.;Gaetani P.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Pressure gain combustion is a promising alternative to conventional gas turbine technologies and within this class the Rotating Detonation Engine has the greatest potential. The Fickett–Jacobs cycle can theoretically increase the efficiency by 15% for medium pressure ratios, but the combustion chamber delivers a strongly non-uniform flow; in these conditions, conventionally designed turbines are inadequate with an efficiency below 30%. In this paper, an original mean-line code was developed to perform an advanced preliminary design of a supersonic turbine; self-starting capability of the supersonic channel has been verified through Kantrowitz and Donaldson theory; the design of the supersonic profile was carried out employing the Method of Characteristics; an accurate evaluation of the aerodynamic losses has been achieved by considering shock waves, profile, and mixing losses. Afterwards, an automated Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) based optimization process was developed to find the optimal loading condition that minimizes losses while delivering a sufficiently uniform flow at outlet. Finally, a novel parametric analysis was performed considering the effect of inlet angle, Mach number, reaction degree, peripheral velocity, and blade height ratio on the turbine stage performance. This analysis has revealed for the first time, in authors knowledge, that this type of machines can achieve efficiencies over 70%.
2022
Optimization
Parametric analysis
Rotating detonation engine (RDE)
Shock waves prediction models
Supersonic turbines
Method of characteristics (MOC)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1205893
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