Recent developments in computational physiology have successfully exploited advanced signal processing and artificial intelligence tools for predicting or uncovering characteristic features of physiological and pathological states in humans. While these advanced tools have demonstrated excellent diagnostic capabilities, the high complexity of these computational 'black boxes' may severely limit scientific inference, especially in terms of biological insight about both physiology and pathological aberrations. This theme issue highlights current challenges and opportunities of advanced computational tools for processing dynamical data reflecting autonomic nervous system dynamics, with a specific focus on cardiovascular control physiology and pathology. This includes the development and adaptation of complex signal processing methods, multivariate cardiovascular models, multiscale and nonlinear models for central-peripheral dynamics, as well as deep and transfer learning algorithms applied to large datasets. The width of this perspective highlights the issues of specificity in heartbeat-related features and supports the need for an imminent transition from the black-box paradigm to explainable and personalized clinical models in cardiovascular research. This article is part of the theme issue 'Advanced computation in cardiovascular physiology: new challenges and opportunities'.

Advanced computation in cardiovascular physiology: New challenges and opportunities

Barbieri R.
2021

Abstract

Recent developments in computational physiology have successfully exploited advanced signal processing and artificial intelligence tools for predicting or uncovering characteristic features of physiological and pathological states in humans. While these advanced tools have demonstrated excellent diagnostic capabilities, the high complexity of these computational 'black boxes' may severely limit scientific inference, especially in terms of biological insight about both physiology and pathological aberrations. This theme issue highlights current challenges and opportunities of advanced computational tools for processing dynamical data reflecting autonomic nervous system dynamics, with a specific focus on cardiovascular control physiology and pathology. This includes the development and adaptation of complex signal processing methods, multivariate cardiovascular models, multiscale and nonlinear models for central-peripheral dynamics, as well as deep and transfer learning algorithms applied to large datasets. The width of this perspective highlights the issues of specificity in heartbeat-related features and supports the need for an imminent transition from the black-box paradigm to explainable and personalized clinical models in cardiovascular research. This article is part of the theme issue 'Advanced computation in cardiovascular physiology: new challenges and opportunities'.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1205801
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