The use of mechanical bonds for the synthesis of catenanes is a challenging process because of the many factors controlling the interpenetration process.[1,2] We report the kinetic control in the presence of various aromatic solvents of a poly-[n]-catenane (1). The polymeric structure is composed of interlocked M12L8 icosahedral nanometric cages with internal voids of ca. 2500 Å3.[3] Using the symmetric exotridentate tris-pyridyl benzene (TPB) ligand and ZnCl2 with appropriate templating solvent molecules due to the good ligand aromatic interactions are used, the metal-organic nanocages can be synthesized very fast, homogeneously, and in large amounts as microcrystals (Figure 1). Synchrotron single-crystal X-ray data (100 K) allowed the resolution of nitrobenzene guest molecules at the internal walls of the M12L8 cages, while in the centre of the nanocages the solvent is disordered and not observable by X-ray diffraction data. The guest release occurs in two steps with the disordered nitrobenzene released in the first step (lower temperatures) because of the lack of strong cage-guest interactions. Solid-state quantum mechanics provided a rationalization of the results, in particular, solid-state approaches, showed theoretical evidence of the kinetic nature in the formation of the polycatenation of the M12L8 nanocages by the analysis of the packing energy considering monomeric and dimeric cages.

Synthesis and structural properties of isostructural Zn(II) M12L8 poly-[n]-catenane using the 2,4,6-tris(4-pyridyl)benzene (TPB) ligand

Javier Marti-Rujas;S. Torresi;A. Famulari
2021

Abstract

The use of mechanical bonds for the synthesis of catenanes is a challenging process because of the many factors controlling the interpenetration process.[1,2] We report the kinetic control in the presence of various aromatic solvents of a poly-[n]-catenane (1). The polymeric structure is composed of interlocked M12L8 icosahedral nanometric cages with internal voids of ca. 2500 Å3.[3] Using the symmetric exotridentate tris-pyridyl benzene (TPB) ligand and ZnCl2 with appropriate templating solvent molecules due to the good ligand aromatic interactions are used, the metal-organic nanocages can be synthesized very fast, homogeneously, and in large amounts as microcrystals (Figure 1). Synchrotron single-crystal X-ray data (100 K) allowed the resolution of nitrobenzene guest molecules at the internal walls of the M12L8 cages, while in the centre of the nanocages the solvent is disordered and not observable by X-ray diffraction data. The guest release occurs in two steps with the disordered nitrobenzene released in the first step (lower temperatures) because of the lack of strong cage-guest interactions. Solid-state quantum mechanics provided a rationalization of the results, in particular, solid-state approaches, showed theoretical evidence of the kinetic nature in the formation of the polycatenation of the M12L8 nanocages by the analysis of the packing energy considering monomeric and dimeric cages.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1205511
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