Nowadays, the aging, deterioration, and failure of civil structures are challenges of paramount importance, increasingly motivating the search of advanced Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) tools. In this work, we propose a SHM strategy for online structural damage detection and localization, combining Deep Learning (DL) and Model-Order Reduction (MOR). The developed data-based procedure is driven by the analysis of vibration and temperature recordings, shaped as multivariate time series and collected on the fly through pervasive sensor networks. Damage detection and localization are treated as a supervised classification task considering a finite number of predefined damage scenarios. During a preliminary offline phase, for each damage scenario, a collection of synthetic structural responses and temperature distributions, is numerically generated through a physics-based model. Several loading and thermal conditions are considered, thanks to a suitable parametrization of the problem, which controls the dependency of the model on operational and environmental conditions. Because of the huge amount of model evaluations, MOR techniques are employed in order to relieve the computational burden that is associated to the dataset construction. Finally, a deep neural network, featuring a stack of convolutional layers, is trained by assimilating both vibrational and thermal data. During the online phase, the trained DL network processes new incoming recordings in order to classify the actual state of the structure, thus providing information regarding the presence and localization of the damage, if any. Numerical performances of the proposed approach are assessed on the monitoring of a two-storey frame under low intensity seismic excitation.

A Combined Model-Order Reduction and Deep Learning Approach for Structural Health Monitoring under Varying Operational and Environmental Conditions

Torzoni, Matteo;Rosafalco, Luca;Manzoni, Andrea
2020

Abstract

Nowadays, the aging, deterioration, and failure of civil structures are challenges of paramount importance, increasingly motivating the search of advanced Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) tools. In this work, we propose a SHM strategy for online structural damage detection and localization, combining Deep Learning (DL) and Model-Order Reduction (MOR). The developed data-based procedure is driven by the analysis of vibration and temperature recordings, shaped as multivariate time series and collected on the fly through pervasive sensor networks. Damage detection and localization are treated as a supervised classification task considering a finite number of predefined damage scenarios. During a preliminary offline phase, for each damage scenario, a collection of synthetic structural responses and temperature distributions, is numerically generated through a physics-based model. Several loading and thermal conditions are considered, thanks to a suitable parametrization of the problem, which controls the dependency of the model on operational and environmental conditions. Because of the huge amount of model evaluations, MOR techniques are employed in order to relieve the computational burden that is associated to the dataset construction. Finally, a deep neural network, featuring a stack of convolutional layers, is trained by assimilating both vibrational and thermal data. During the online phase, the trained DL network processes new incoming recordings in order to classify the actual state of the structure, thus providing information regarding the presence and localization of the damage, if any. Numerical performances of the proposed approach are assessed on the monitoring of a two-storey frame under low intensity seismic excitation.
Proceedings of the 7th International Electronic Conference on Sensors and Applications
structural health monitoring, model order reduction, deep learning, damage localization, vibration monitoring; environmental effects
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1204990
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