In the present study, an ethylene glycol-based electrolyte is used to electrodeposit copper onto zinc for the synthesis of the Zn/Cu/Sn stack, precursor of Cu2ZnSnS4. The employed solution contains diethanolamine (DEA) which supports the formation of amine-complexes, whose features are studied by UV–vis absorption, ESI-MS, and FTIR measurements, providing insight on the optimal concentration of DEA for copper complexation. Cyclic voltammetries (CVs) are carried out at increasing [DEA]/[Cu2+] ratios, highlighting the amine effect on the reduction potential of the copper species. The displacement reaction between copper and zinc is investigated by immersion potential measurements, showing a direct correlation to the voltammetric data. The optimized copper solution resulted in a negligible displacement contribution, allowing the electrochemical synthesis of Mo(sub)/Zn/Cu/Sn stack on a relatively large area (4 cm2). The metallic precursor is analyzed by SEM/EDS, AFM, XRD, and GDOES techniques. Finally, the kesterite CZTS phase is obtained through reactive annealing with elemental sulfur and it is characterized by SEM/EDS, XRD, and Raman spectroscopy. Photoelectrochemical water splitting on CZTS/CdS/Pt heterostructure is carried out in an aqueous solution at pH 6.85, showing a photocurrent of -5.05 mA/cm2 at 0 V vs RHE. A maximum applied bias photon-to-current efficiency (ABPE) value of 2.15% was found at 0.84 V bias.

Design and characterization of a chloride-free organic copper solution: Electrochemical synthesis of Zn/Cu/Sn precursor stack for CZTS-based photoconversion devices

Panzeri G.;Dell'Oro R.;Sansotera M.;Magagnin L.
2021

Abstract

In the present study, an ethylene glycol-based electrolyte is used to electrodeposit copper onto zinc for the synthesis of the Zn/Cu/Sn stack, precursor of Cu2ZnSnS4. The employed solution contains diethanolamine (DEA) which supports the formation of amine-complexes, whose features are studied by UV–vis absorption, ESI-MS, and FTIR measurements, providing insight on the optimal concentration of DEA for copper complexation. Cyclic voltammetries (CVs) are carried out at increasing [DEA]/[Cu2+] ratios, highlighting the amine effect on the reduction potential of the copper species. The displacement reaction between copper and zinc is investigated by immersion potential measurements, showing a direct correlation to the voltammetric data. The optimized copper solution resulted in a negligible displacement contribution, allowing the electrochemical synthesis of Mo(sub)/Zn/Cu/Sn stack on a relatively large area (4 cm2). The metallic precursor is analyzed by SEM/EDS, AFM, XRD, and GDOES techniques. Finally, the kesterite CZTS phase is obtained through reactive annealing with elemental sulfur and it is characterized by SEM/EDS, XRD, and Raman spectroscopy. Photoelectrochemical water splitting on CZTS/CdS/Pt heterostructure is carried out in an aqueous solution at pH 6.85, showing a photocurrent of -5.05 mA/cm2 at 0 V vs RHE. A maximum applied bias photon-to-current efficiency (ABPE) value of 2.15% was found at 0.84 V bias.
Complexation
Diethanolamine
Displacement
Organic medium
Photoelectrode
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1204151
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