Diagnostic protocol for prostate cancer (KP) is affected by poor accuracy and high false-positive rate. The most promising innovative approach is based on urine analysis by electronic noses (ENs), highlighting a specific correlation between urine alteration and KP presence. Although EN could be exploited to develop non-invasive KP diagnostic tools, no study has already introduced EN into clinical practice, most probably because of drift issues that hinder EN scaling up from research objects to large-scale diagnostic devices. This study, proposing an EN for non-invasive KP detection, describes the data processing protocol applied to a urine headspace dataset acquired over 9 months, comprising 81 patients with KP and 41 controls, for compensating the drift. It proved effective in mitigating drift on 1-year-old sensors by restoring accuracy from 55% up to 80%, achieved by new sensors not subjected to drift. The model achieved, on double-blind validation, a balanced accuracy of 76.2% (CI95% 51.9–92.3).

Drift compensation on electronic nose data for non-invasive diagnosis of prostate cancer by urine analysis

Bax C.;Prudenza S.;Capelli L.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Diagnostic protocol for prostate cancer (KP) is affected by poor accuracy and high false-positive rate. The most promising innovative approach is based on urine analysis by electronic noses (ENs), highlighting a specific correlation between urine alteration and KP presence. Although EN could be exploited to develop non-invasive KP diagnostic tools, no study has already introduced EN into clinical practice, most probably because of drift issues that hinder EN scaling up from research objects to large-scale diagnostic devices. This study, proposing an EN for non-invasive KP detection, describes the data processing protocol applied to a urine headspace dataset acquired over 9 months, comprising 81 patients with KP and 41 controls, for compensating the drift. It proved effective in mitigating drift on 1-year-old sensors by restoring accuracy from 55% up to 80%, achieved by new sensors not subjected to drift. The model achieved, on double-blind validation, a balanced accuracy of 76.2% (CI95% 51.9–92.3).
2022
Biological sciences
Biotechnology
Cancer
Chemical engineering
Chemistry
Diagnostic technique in health technology
Diagnostics
Natural sciences
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1204079
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