Thanks to the low working temperature, less product size limitations and one order of magnitude higher deposition rates compared to the established additive manufacturing techniques, more attention has been brought to the potential of cold spraying for additive manufacturing. As a process dealing with deformation of solid particles possibly leaving non-bonded interfaces and causing work hardening, any optimization should (i) adjust spray parameters to obtain high performance as-sprayed parts and (ii) tune ductility and internal stresses by post-treatments. The present study first deals with strategies to optimize spray parameters for fabrication of high performance steel 316 L deposits. Next, the performances of deposits are further adjusted by various heat treatments. The structural strength of the freestanding samples before and after the heat treatments is evaluated under static and cyclic axial loading and supported by fatigue crack growth rate analysis. The results highlight the feasibility of obtaining high quality steel 316 L deposits using N2 as process gas, rather than the costly He that is commonly suggested. This study demonstrates the potential of cold spraying to be used for deposition of freeform structural components with a static strength comparable to that of bulk and laser-based additive manufactured materials and a fatigue strength similar to that of bulk cast material.

Tailoring cold spray additive manufacturing of steel 316 L for static and cyclic load-bearing applications

Bagherifard S.;Kondas J.;Monti S.;Guagliano M.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Thanks to the low working temperature, less product size limitations and one order of magnitude higher deposition rates compared to the established additive manufacturing techniques, more attention has been brought to the potential of cold spraying for additive manufacturing. As a process dealing with deformation of solid particles possibly leaving non-bonded interfaces and causing work hardening, any optimization should (i) adjust spray parameters to obtain high performance as-sprayed parts and (ii) tune ductility and internal stresses by post-treatments. The present study first deals with strategies to optimize spray parameters for fabrication of high performance steel 316 L deposits. Next, the performances of deposits are further adjusted by various heat treatments. The structural strength of the freestanding samples before and after the heat treatments is evaluated under static and cyclic axial loading and supported by fatigue crack growth rate analysis. The results highlight the feasibility of obtaining high quality steel 316 L deposits using N2 as process gas, rather than the costly He that is commonly suggested. This study demonstrates the potential of cold spraying to be used for deposition of freeform structural components with a static strength comparable to that of bulk and laser-based additive manufactured materials and a fatigue strength similar to that of bulk cast material.
2021
3D-printing
Crack propagation
Fatigue
Freestanding
Kinetic deposition
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1204052
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