This work compares with a two-step procedure the performance of different Heat Transfer Fluids (HTF) for high temperature receiver applications (up to 715 °C) in advanced Solar Tower (ST) plants. The most promising molten salts and liquid metals are initially selected and ranked according to their performance, estimated with different Figures of Merit (FoM) available in literature or newly defined. For the best performing fluids, different hydraulic configurations and tube diameters at fixed receiver size are tested. The optimized external tubular receiver configuration for each HTF is then implemented in a ST plant and its performance is assessed through a detailed techno-economic analysis, considering the use of a direct thermal energy storage system and of a sCO2 based power cycle. As a second step, the yearly electricity yield and the LCOE are evaluated for two different sites. Results show NaCl–MgCl2 as the best option for the considered type of plant with a LCOE of 151 $/MWh, which is anyhow 10% higher than the reference Solar Salts case.

A two-step procedure for the selection of innovative high temperature heat transfer fluids in solar tower power plants

Manzolini G.;Binotti M.;Lozza G.
2021-01-01

Abstract

This work compares with a two-step procedure the performance of different Heat Transfer Fluids (HTF) for high temperature receiver applications (up to 715 °C) in advanced Solar Tower (ST) plants. The most promising molten salts and liquid metals are initially selected and ranked according to their performance, estimated with different Figures of Merit (FoM) available in literature or newly defined. For the best performing fluids, different hydraulic configurations and tube diameters at fixed receiver size are tested. The optimized external tubular receiver configuration for each HTF is then implemented in a ST plant and its performance is assessed through a detailed techno-economic analysis, considering the use of a direct thermal energy storage system and of a sCO2 based power cycle. As a second step, the yearly electricity yield and the LCOE are evaluated for two different sites. Results show NaCl–MgCl2 as the best option for the considered type of plant with a LCOE of 151 $/MWh, which is anyhow 10% higher than the reference Solar Salts case.
2021
Figure of merit
Heat transfer fluid
High temperature receiver
Solar tower
Techno-economic analysis
Tubular receiver
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1203659
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