Sepsis is one of the pathological conditions with the highest incidence in intensive care units. Sepsis-induced cardiac and autonomic dysfunction are well-known effects, among others, caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. In this context, we investigate the role of complex cardiovascular dynamics quantified through sample entropy indices from the inter-beat interval, systolic and diastolic blood pressure time series as well as the cross-entropy between heartbeat and systolic blood pressure in patients with sepsis in the first hour of intensive care when compared with non-septic subjects. Results show a significant (p<0.05) reduction in the probability of being septic for a unitary increase in entropy for systolic and diastolic time series (odds equal to 0.038 and 0.264, respectively) when adjusting for confounding factors. A significant (p<0.001) odds ratio (0.248) is observed also in cross-entropy, showing a reduced probability of being septic for an increase in heartbeat and systolic pressure asynchrony. The inclusion of our measures of complexity also determines an increase in the predictive ability (+0.03) of a logistic regression model reaching an area under the receiving operating and precision recall curves both equal to 0.95.Clinical relevance The study demonstrates the ability of information theory in catching a reduction of complex cardiovascular dynamics from vital signs commonly recorded in ICU. The considered complexity measures contribute to characterize sepsis development by showing a general loss of the interaction between heartbeat and pressure regulation. The extracted measures also improve the ability to identify sepsis in the first hour of intensive care.

Assessment of Sepsis in the ICU by Linear and Complex Characterization of Cardiovascular Dynamics

Maximiliano Mollura;Riccardo Barbieri
2021

Abstract

Sepsis is one of the pathological conditions with the highest incidence in intensive care units. Sepsis-induced cardiac and autonomic dysfunction are well-known effects, among others, caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. In this context, we investigate the role of complex cardiovascular dynamics quantified through sample entropy indices from the inter-beat interval, systolic and diastolic blood pressure time series as well as the cross-entropy between heartbeat and systolic blood pressure in patients with sepsis in the first hour of intensive care when compared with non-septic subjects. Results show a significant (p<0.05) reduction in the probability of being septic for a unitary increase in entropy for systolic and diastolic time series (odds equal to 0.038 and 0.264, respectively) when adjusting for confounding factors. A significant (p<0.001) odds ratio (0.248) is observed also in cross-entropy, showing a reduced probability of being septic for an increase in heartbeat and systolic pressure asynchrony. The inclusion of our measures of complexity also determines an increase in the predictive ability (+0.03) of a logistic regression model reaching an area under the receiving operating and precision recall curves both equal to 0.95.Clinical relevance The study demonstrates the ability of information theory in catching a reduction of complex cardiovascular dynamics from vital signs commonly recorded in ICU. The considered complexity measures contribute to characterize sepsis development by showing a general loss of the interaction between heartbeat and pressure regulation. The extracted measures also improve the ability to identify sepsis in the first hour of intensive care.
Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Heart beat , Time series analysis , Predictive models , Blood pressure , Loss measurement , Entropy , Regulation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1203178
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