Laminar burning velocities of methylcyclohexane and toluene blended with ammonia have been determined using the heat flux method at atmospheric pressure and initial temperature of 338 K, over equivalence ratios ranging from 0.7 to 1.3 and ammonia blending fractions in the binary fuel mixtures from 0 to 90%. It was observed that the addition of ammonia to methylcyclohexane and toluene leads to a decrease in laminar burning velocity that is not proportional to the ammonia mole fraction. Such a burning velocity reduction is due to synergistic thermal and kinetic effects. In addition, ammonia has a slightly higher impact on the burning velocities of toluene due to fuel structure effects. The CRECK detailed kinetic model has been used to interpret the experimental measurements and minor modifications on methylcyclohexane, toluene, and methyl-phenoxy radical chemistry allowed even improved agreement. New experimental results have been compared with predictions of this refined kinetic mechanism. The model provided good predictions of the measurements capturing the effect of equivalence ratio and ammonia fraction ranges investigated. Finally, a mass fraction-based mixing rule was shown to be predictive for binary blends of NH3 with methane and several hydrocarbons typically used to formulate surrogates for practical fuels.

The influence of ammonia on the laminar burning velocities of methylcyclohexane and toluene: An experimental and kinetic modeling study

Pelucchi M.;
2022

Abstract

Laminar burning velocities of methylcyclohexane and toluene blended with ammonia have been determined using the heat flux method at atmospheric pressure and initial temperature of 338 K, over equivalence ratios ranging from 0.7 to 1.3 and ammonia blending fractions in the binary fuel mixtures from 0 to 90%. It was observed that the addition of ammonia to methylcyclohexane and toluene leads to a decrease in laminar burning velocity that is not proportional to the ammonia mole fraction. Such a burning velocity reduction is due to synergistic thermal and kinetic effects. In addition, ammonia has a slightly higher impact on the burning velocities of toluene due to fuel structure effects. The CRECK detailed kinetic model has been used to interpret the experimental measurements and minor modifications on methylcyclohexane, toluene, and methyl-phenoxy radical chemistry allowed even improved agreement. New experimental results have been compared with predictions of this refined kinetic mechanism. The model provided good predictions of the measurements capturing the effect of equivalence ratio and ammonia fraction ranges investigated. Finally, a mass fraction-based mixing rule was shown to be predictive for binary blends of NH3 with methane and several hydrocarbons typically used to formulate surrogates for practical fuels.
Ammonia
Heat flux method
Kinetic mechanism
Laminar burning velocity
Methylcyclohexane
Toluene
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1202803
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