Fifth-generation (5G) networks are already available in major urban areas and are expected to bring a major transformation to citizens' lives. 5G services, such as enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB), ultra-reliable low latency communications (URLLC), and massive machine-type communications (mMTC), require a network infrastructure capable of supporting stringent requirements in terms of latency and bandwidth demands; as such, it must be highly dynamic and flexible. Network slicing is a key enabler technology that can provide dynamic and flexible characteristics to 5G network architecture. A network slice (NS) can be defined as a partition of network and IT resources, that is, network links and nodes capacity dedicated to a specific set of service demands. As a result, different NSs can coexist over the same physical infrastructure network and can be used to dynamically and flexibly deploy the aforementioned 5G services. However, to efficiently implement NSs with different requirements, communication service providers (CSPs) that own the physical infrastructure network must adopt sophisticated techniques for admission control and resource allocation of NSs. In this paper, we present a novel framework for admission control and resource allocation of 5G NSs in metro-core networks. Specifically, our framework is based on a deep reinforcement learning (DRL) algorithm called Advantage Actor Critic (A2C), which performs admission control, i.e. it is capable of learning which slice to admit based on the availability of the physical network resources. Then, given the diversity of requirements for each 5G service, we propose different resource allocation algorithms based on integer linear programming (ILP) and heuristics to treat each service accordingly. Results show that our proposed framework can increase the number of admitted NSs with respect to the case in which the admission control is disabled by improving the resource allocation performance.

Admission Control and Virtual Network Embedding in 5G Networks: A Deep Reinforcement-Learning Approach

Troia S.;Moreira Zorello L. M.;Maier G.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Fifth-generation (5G) networks are already available in major urban areas and are expected to bring a major transformation to citizens' lives. 5G services, such as enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB), ultra-reliable low latency communications (URLLC), and massive machine-type communications (mMTC), require a network infrastructure capable of supporting stringent requirements in terms of latency and bandwidth demands; as such, it must be highly dynamic and flexible. Network slicing is a key enabler technology that can provide dynamic and flexible characteristics to 5G network architecture. A network slice (NS) can be defined as a partition of network and IT resources, that is, network links and nodes capacity dedicated to a specific set of service demands. As a result, different NSs can coexist over the same physical infrastructure network and can be used to dynamically and flexibly deploy the aforementioned 5G services. However, to efficiently implement NSs with different requirements, communication service providers (CSPs) that own the physical infrastructure network must adopt sophisticated techniques for admission control and resource allocation of NSs. In this paper, we present a novel framework for admission control and resource allocation of 5G NSs in metro-core networks. Specifically, our framework is based on a deep reinforcement learning (DRL) algorithm called Advantage Actor Critic (A2C), which performs admission control, i.e. it is capable of learning which slice to admit based on the availability of the physical network resources. Then, given the diversity of requirements for each 5G service, we propose different resource allocation algorithms based on integer linear programming (ILP) and heuristics to treat each service accordingly. Results show that our proposed framework can increase the number of admitted NSs with respect to the case in which the admission control is disabled by improving the resource allocation performance.
2022
5G
Deep reinforcement learning
Network function virtualization (NFV)
Network slicing
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1202483
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