Purpose: With the future goal of defining a large dataset based on low-dose CT with labelled pulmonary lesions for lung cancer screening (LCS) research, the aim of this work is to propose and evaluate into a clinical context a tool for semi-automatic segmentation able to facilitate the process of labels collection from a LCS study (COSMOS, Continuous Observation of SMOking Subjects). Methods: Considering a preliminary set of manual annotations, a segmentation model based on a 2D-Unet was trained from scratch. Contour quality of the final 2D-Unet was assessed on an internal test set of manual annotations and on a subset of the public available LIDC dataset used as external test set. The tool for semi-automatic segmentation was then designed integrating the tested model into a Graphical User Interface. According to the opinion of two clinical users, the percentage of lesions properly contoured through the tool was quantified (Acceptance Rate, AR). The variability between segmentations derived by the two readers was estimated as mean percentage of difference (MPD) between the two sets of volumes and comparing the likelihood of malignancy derived from Volume Doubling Time (VDT). Results: Performance in test sets were found similar (DICE ~ 0.75(0.15)). Accordingly, a good mean AR (80.1%) resulted from the two readers. Variability in terms of MPD was equal to 23.6% while 2.7% was the VDTs percentage of disagreement. Conclusions: A semi-automatic segmentation tool was developed and its applicability evaluated into a clinical context demonstrating the efficacy of the tool in facilitating the collection of labelled data.

A segmentation tool for pulmonary nodules in lung cancer screening: Testing and clinical usage

Garau N.;Paganelli C.;Baroni G.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: With the future goal of defining a large dataset based on low-dose CT with labelled pulmonary lesions for lung cancer screening (LCS) research, the aim of this work is to propose and evaluate into a clinical context a tool for semi-automatic segmentation able to facilitate the process of labels collection from a LCS study (COSMOS, Continuous Observation of SMOking Subjects). Methods: Considering a preliminary set of manual annotations, a segmentation model based on a 2D-Unet was trained from scratch. Contour quality of the final 2D-Unet was assessed on an internal test set of manual annotations and on a subset of the public available LIDC dataset used as external test set. The tool for semi-automatic segmentation was then designed integrating the tested model into a Graphical User Interface. According to the opinion of two clinical users, the percentage of lesions properly contoured through the tool was quantified (Acceptance Rate, AR). The variability between segmentations derived by the two readers was estimated as mean percentage of difference (MPD) between the two sets of volumes and comparing the likelihood of malignancy derived from Volume Doubling Time (VDT). Results: Performance in test sets were found similar (DICE ~ 0.75(0.15)). Accordingly, a good mean AR (80.1%) resulted from the two readers. Variability in terms of MPD was equal to 23.6% while 2.7% was the VDTs percentage of disagreement. Conclusions: A semi-automatic segmentation tool was developed and its applicability evaluated into a clinical context demonstrating the efficacy of the tool in facilitating the collection of labelled data.
2021
Automatic segmentation
Clinical validation
Deep learning
Lung cancer screening
Humans
Lung
Early Detection of Cancer
Lung Neoplasms
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1202340
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