Skull-base chordoma (SBC) is a rare tumour whose molecular and radiological characteristics are still being investigated. In neuro-oncology microstructural imaging techniques, like diffusion-weighted MRI (DW-MRI), have been widely investigated, with the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) being one of the most used DW-MRI parameters due to its ease of acquisition and computation. ADC is a potential biomarker without a clear link to microstructure. The aim of this work was to derive microstructural information from conventional ADC, showing its potential for the characterisation of skull-base chordomas. Sixteen patients affected by SBC, who underwent conventional DW-MRI were retrospectively selected. From mono-exponential fits of DW-MRI, ADC maps were estimated using different sets of b-values. DW-MRI signals were simulated from synthetic substrates , which mimic the cellular packing of a tumour tissue with well-defined microstructural features. Starting from a published method, an error-driven procedure was evaluated to improve the estimates of microstructural parameters obtained through the simulated signals. A quantitative description of the tumour microstructure was then obtained from the DW-MRI images. This allowed successfully differentiating patients according to histologically-verified cell proliferation information.Clinical Relevance - The impact on cancer management derives from the expected improvement of radiation treatment quality tailored to a patient-specific non-invasive description of tumour microstructure.

Analysis of tumour microstructure estimation from conventional diffusion MRI and application to skull-base chordoma

Morelli L.;Buizza G.;Paganelli C.;Baroni G.
2021

Abstract

Skull-base chordoma (SBC) is a rare tumour whose molecular and radiological characteristics are still being investigated. In neuro-oncology microstructural imaging techniques, like diffusion-weighted MRI (DW-MRI), have been widely investigated, with the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) being one of the most used DW-MRI parameters due to its ease of acquisition and computation. ADC is a potential biomarker without a clear link to microstructure. The aim of this work was to derive microstructural information from conventional ADC, showing its potential for the characterisation of skull-base chordomas. Sixteen patients affected by SBC, who underwent conventional DW-MRI were retrospectively selected. From mono-exponential fits of DW-MRI, ADC maps were estimated using different sets of b-values. DW-MRI signals were simulated from synthetic substrates , which mimic the cellular packing of a tumour tissue with well-defined microstructural features. Starting from a published method, an error-driven procedure was evaluated to improve the estimates of microstructural parameters obtained through the simulated signals. A quantitative description of the tumour microstructure was then obtained from the DW-MRI images. This allowed successfully differentiating patients according to histologically-verified cell proliferation information.Clinical Relevance - The impact on cancer management derives from the expected improvement of radiation treatment quality tailored to a patient-specific non-invasive description of tumour microstructure.
2021 43RD ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IEEE ENGINEERING IN MEDICINE & BIOLOGY SOCIETY (EMBC)
978-1-7281-1179-7
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1202337
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