We report on the study of ultrafast laser-induced plasma expansion dynamics in a gas microjet. To this purpose, we focused femtosecond laser pulses on a nitrogen jet produced through a homemade De Laval micronozzle. The laser excitation led to plasma generation with a charac-teristic spectral line emission at 391 nm. By following the emitted signal with a detection system based on an intensified charge-coupled device (ICCD) we captured the two-dimensional spatial evolution of the photo-excited nitrogen ions with a temporal resolution on the nanosecond time scale. We fabricated the micronozzle on a fused silica substrate by femtosecond laser micromachining. This technique enabled high accuracy and three-dimensional capabilities, thus, providing an ideal platform for developing glass-based microfluidic structures for application to plasma physics and ultrafast spectroscopy.

Time-Resolved Imaging of Femtosecond Laser-Induced Plasma Expansion in a Nitrogen Microjet

Ciriolo A. G.;Crippa G.;Devetta M.;Frezzotti A.;Comelli D.;Valentini G.;Osellame R.;Vozzi C.;Stagira S.
2022

Abstract

We report on the study of ultrafast laser-induced plasma expansion dynamics in a gas microjet. To this purpose, we focused femtosecond laser pulses on a nitrogen jet produced through a homemade De Laval micronozzle. The laser excitation led to plasma generation with a charac-teristic spectral line emission at 391 nm. By following the emitted signal with a detection system based on an intensified charge-coupled device (ICCD) we captured the two-dimensional spatial evolution of the photo-excited nitrogen ions with a temporal resolution on the nanosecond time scale. We fabricated the micronozzle on a fused silica substrate by femtosecond laser micromachining. This technique enabled high accuracy and three-dimensional capabilities, thus, providing an ideal platform for developing glass-based microfluidic structures for application to plasma physics and ultrafast spectroscopy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1201410
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