Calcium ions (Ca2+) play a key role in cell signaling across organisms. In plants, a plethora of environmental and developmental stimuli induce specific Ca2+ increases in the cytosol as well as in different cellular compartments including the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The ER represents an intracellular Ca2+ store that actively accumulates Ca2+ taken up from the cytosol. By exploiting state-of-the-art genetically encoded Ca2+ indicators, specifically the ER-GCaMP6-210 and R-GECO1, we report the generation and characterization of an Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) line that allows for simultaneous imaging of Ca2+ dynamics in both the ER and cytosol at different spatial scales. By performing analyses in single cells, we precisely quantified (1) the time required by the ER to import Ca2+ from the cytosol into the lumen and (2) the time required to observe a cytosolic Ca2+ increase upon the pharmacological inhibition of the ER-localized P-Type IIA Ca2+-ATPases. Furthermore, live imaging of mature, soil-grown plants revealed the existence of a wounding-induced, long-distance ER Ca2+ wave propagating in injured and systemic rosette leaves. This technology enhances high-resolution analyses of intracellular Ca2+ dynamics at the cellular level and in adult organisms and paves the way to develop new methodologies aimed at defining the contribution of subcellular compartments in Ca2+ homeostasis and signaling.

Simultaneous imaging of ER and cytosolic Ca2+ dynamics reveals long-distance ER Ca2+ waves in plants

Ancora D.;Bassi A.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Calcium ions (Ca2+) play a key role in cell signaling across organisms. In plants, a plethora of environmental and developmental stimuli induce specific Ca2+ increases in the cytosol as well as in different cellular compartments including the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The ER represents an intracellular Ca2+ store that actively accumulates Ca2+ taken up from the cytosol. By exploiting state-of-the-art genetically encoded Ca2+ indicators, specifically the ER-GCaMP6-210 and R-GECO1, we report the generation and characterization of an Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) line that allows for simultaneous imaging of Ca2+ dynamics in both the ER and cytosol at different spatial scales. By performing analyses in single cells, we precisely quantified (1) the time required by the ER to import Ca2+ from the cytosol into the lumen and (2) the time required to observe a cytosolic Ca2+ increase upon the pharmacological inhibition of the ER-localized P-Type IIA Ca2+-ATPases. Furthermore, live imaging of mature, soil-grown plants revealed the existence of a wounding-induced, long-distance ER Ca2+ wave propagating in injured and systemic rosette leaves. This technology enhances high-resolution analyses of intracellular Ca2+ dynamics at the cellular level and in adult organisms and paves the way to develop new methodologies aimed at defining the contribution of subcellular compartments in Ca2+ homeostasis and signaling.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Resentini Grenzi et al 2021.pdf

Accesso riservato

: Publisher’s version
Dimensione 1.39 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.39 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1199827
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 10
  • Scopus 11
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 11
social impact