In the last years, scientific and industrial communities have put a lot of efforts into the development of a new framework for the assessment of structural integrity, generally known as Structural Health Monitoring (SHM), which should allow real-time, automatic evaluations of the state of the structures based on a network of permanently installed sensors. In the context of mechanical, aerospace and civil structures, several approaches have been proposed to address the SHM problem, yet, it remains often difficult to diagnose damages and estimate the structural health when dealing with varying operating and environmental conditions. Particle Filters have already been proposed as a time-domain-based method in the field of SHM, showing promising results as estimators of hidden, not directly observable states, such as those typically related to damages. At the same time, neural networks-based autoencoders have been proposed for structural damage detection, demonstrating to be capable of capturing damage-related features from vibration measurements. This work aims at exploiting the individual advantages offered by the two approaches by combining them in a novel algorithm for structural damage detection and localization, robust with respect to changing environmental conditions. The algorithm is further equipped with a fault indicator module stemming from the introduction of an automatic threshold and both deterministic and probabilistic fault indicators, thus offering a complete, valuable tool for supporting decision making with limited human intervention. The method is demonstrated with reference to a numerical MDOF system whose parameters are taken from a literature benchmark case study.

Neutralization of temperature effects in damage diagnosis of MDOF systems by combinations of autoencoders and particle filters

Cadini F.;Lomazzi L.;Sbarufatti C.;Giglio M.
2021-01-01

Abstract

In the last years, scientific and industrial communities have put a lot of efforts into the development of a new framework for the assessment of structural integrity, generally known as Structural Health Monitoring (SHM), which should allow real-time, automatic evaluations of the state of the structures based on a network of permanently installed sensors. In the context of mechanical, aerospace and civil structures, several approaches have been proposed to address the SHM problem, yet, it remains often difficult to diagnose damages and estimate the structural health when dealing with varying operating and environmental conditions. Particle Filters have already been proposed as a time-domain-based method in the field of SHM, showing promising results as estimators of hidden, not directly observable states, such as those typically related to damages. At the same time, neural networks-based autoencoders have been proposed for structural damage detection, demonstrating to be capable of capturing damage-related features from vibration measurements. This work aims at exploiting the individual advantages offered by the two approaches by combining them in a novel algorithm for structural damage detection and localization, robust with respect to changing environmental conditions. The algorithm is further equipped with a fault indicator module stemming from the introduction of an automatic threshold and both deterministic and probabilistic fault indicators, thus offering a complete, valuable tool for supporting decision making with limited human intervention. The method is demonstrated with reference to a numerical MDOF system whose parameters are taken from a literature benchmark case study.
Autoencoder
Changing environmental conditions
Damage localization
Diagnosis
Particle filter
Structural health monitoring
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1198392
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