Within a structural health monitoring (SHM) framework, we propose a simulation-based classification strategy to move towards online damage localization. The procedure combines parametric Model Order Reduction (MOR) techniques and Fully Convolutional Networks (FCNs) to analyze raw vibration measurements recorded on the monitored structure. First, a dataset of possible structural responses under varying operational conditions is built through a physics-based model, allowing for a finite set of predefined damage scenarios. Then, the dataset is used for the offline training of the FCN. Because of the extremely large number of model evaluations required by the dataset construction, MOR techniques are employed to reduce the computational burden. The trained classifier is shown to be able to map unseen vibrational recordings, e.g. collected on-the-fly from sensors placed on the structure, to the actual damage state, thus providing information concerning the presence and also the location of damage. The proposed strategy has been validated by means of two case studies, concerning a 2D portal frame and a 3D portal frame railway bridge; MOR techniques have allowed us to respectively speed up the analyses about 30 and 420 times. For both the case studies, after training the classifier has attained an accuracy larger than 85%. (c) 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Online structural health monitoring by model order reduction and deep learning algorithms

Rosafalco, L;Torzoni, M;Manzoni, A;Mariani, S;Corigliano, A
2021

Abstract

Within a structural health monitoring (SHM) framework, we propose a simulation-based classification strategy to move towards online damage localization. The procedure combines parametric Model Order Reduction (MOR) techniques and Fully Convolutional Networks (FCNs) to analyze raw vibration measurements recorded on the monitored structure. First, a dataset of possible structural responses under varying operational conditions is built through a physics-based model, allowing for a finite set of predefined damage scenarios. Then, the dataset is used for the offline training of the FCN. Because of the extremely large number of model evaluations required by the dataset construction, MOR techniques are employed to reduce the computational burden. The trained classifier is shown to be able to map unseen vibrational recordings, e.g. collected on-the-fly from sensors placed on the structure, to the actual damage state, thus providing information concerning the presence and also the location of damage. The proposed strategy has been validated by means of two case studies, concerning a 2D portal frame and a 3D portal frame railway bridge; MOR techniques have allowed us to respectively speed up the analyses about 30 and 420 times. For both the case studies, after training the classifier has attained an accuracy larger than 85%. (c) 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Structural health monitoring
Deep learning
Reduced order models
Fully convolutional networks
Damage localization
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1196626
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