In civil engineering, different machine learning algorithms have been adopted to process the huge amount of data continuously acquired through sensor networks and solve inverse problems. Challenging issues linked to structural health monitoring or load identification are currently related to big data, consisting of structural vibration recordings shaped as a multivariate time series. Any algorithm should therefore allow an effective dimensionality reduction, retaining the informative content of data and inferring correlations within and across the time series. Within this framework, we propose a time series AutoEncoder (AE) employing inception modules and residual learning for the encoding and the decoding parts, and an extremely reduced latent representation specifically tailored to tackle load identification tasks. We discuss the choice of the dimensionality of this latent representation, considering the sources of variability in the recordings and the inverse-forward nature of the AE. To help setting the aforementioned dimensionality, the false nearest neighbor heuristics is also exploited. The reported numerical results, related to shear buildings excited by dynamic loadings, highlight the signal reconstruction capacity of the proposed AE, and the capability to accomplish the load identification task.

An autoencoder-based deep learning approach for load identification in structural dynamics

Rosafalco L.;Manzoni A.;Mariani S.;Corigliano A.
2021

Abstract

In civil engineering, different machine learning algorithms have been adopted to process the huge amount of data continuously acquired through sensor networks and solve inverse problems. Challenging issues linked to structural health monitoring or load identification are currently related to big data, consisting of structural vibration recordings shaped as a multivariate time series. Any algorithm should therefore allow an effective dimensionality reduction, retaining the informative content of data and inferring correlations within and across the time series. Within this framework, we propose a time series AutoEncoder (AE) employing inception modules and residual learning for the encoding and the decoding parts, and an extremely reduced latent representation specifically tailored to tackle load identification tasks. We discuss the choice of the dimensionality of this latent representation, considering the sources of variability in the recordings and the inverse-forward nature of the AE. To help setting the aforementioned dimensionality, the false nearest neighbor heuristics is also exploited. The reported numerical results, related to shear buildings excited by dynamic loadings, highlight the signal reconstruction capacity of the proposed AE, and the capability to accomplish the load identification task.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1196625
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