This paper presents an extended reanalysis of the rainfall-induced geo-hydrological events that have occurred in the last 70 years in the alpine area of the Lombardy region, Italy. The work is focused on the description of the major meteorological triggering factors that have caused diffuse episodes of shallow landslides and debris flow. The aim of this reanalysis was to try to evaluate their magnitude quantitatively. The triggering factors were studied following two approaches. The first one started from the conventional analysis of the rainfall intensity (I) and duration (D) considering local rain gauge data and applying the I-D threshold methodology integrated with an estimation of the events' return period. We then extended this analysis and proposed a new index for the magnitude assessment (magnitude index, MI) based on frequency-magnitude theory. The MI was defined considering both the return period and the spatial extent of each rainfall episode. The second approach is based on a regional-scale analysis of meteorological triggers. In particular, the strength of the extratropical cyclone (EC) structure associated with the precipitation events was assessed through the sea level pressure tendency (SLPT) meteorological index. The latter has been estimated from the Norwegian cyclone model (NCM) theory. Both indexes have shown an agreement in ranking the event's magnitude (R2Combining double low line0.88), giving a similar interpretation of the severity that was also found to be in accordance with the information reported in historical databases. This back analysis of 70 years in Valtellina identifies the MI and the SLPT as good magnitude indicators of the event, confirming that a strong cause-effect relationship exists among the EC intensity and the local rainfall recorded on the ground. In respect of the conventional I-D threshold methodology, which is limited to a binary estimate of the likelihood of landslide occurrence, the evaluation of the MI and the SLPT indexes allows quantifying the magnitude of a rainfall episode capable of generating severe geo-hydrological hazards.

Analysis of meteorological parameters triggering rainfall- induced landslide: A review of 70 years in Valtellina

Abbate A.;Papini M.;Longoni L.
2021-01-01

Abstract

This paper presents an extended reanalysis of the rainfall-induced geo-hydrological events that have occurred in the last 70 years in the alpine area of the Lombardy region, Italy. The work is focused on the description of the major meteorological triggering factors that have caused diffuse episodes of shallow landslides and debris flow. The aim of this reanalysis was to try to evaluate their magnitude quantitatively. The triggering factors were studied following two approaches. The first one started from the conventional analysis of the rainfall intensity (I) and duration (D) considering local rain gauge data and applying the I-D threshold methodology integrated with an estimation of the events' return period. We then extended this analysis and proposed a new index for the magnitude assessment (magnitude index, MI) based on frequency-magnitude theory. The MI was defined considering both the return period and the spatial extent of each rainfall episode. The second approach is based on a regional-scale analysis of meteorological triggers. In particular, the strength of the extratropical cyclone (EC) structure associated with the precipitation events was assessed through the sea level pressure tendency (SLPT) meteorological index. The latter has been estimated from the Norwegian cyclone model (NCM) theory. Both indexes have shown an agreement in ranking the event's magnitude (R2Combining double low line0.88), giving a similar interpretation of the severity that was also found to be in accordance with the information reported in historical databases. This back analysis of 70 years in Valtellina identifies the MI and the SLPT as good magnitude indicators of the event, confirming that a strong cause-effect relationship exists among the EC intensity and the local rainfall recorded on the ground. In respect of the conventional I-D threshold methodology, which is limited to a binary estimate of the likelihood of landslide occurrence, the evaluation of the MI and the SLPT indexes allows quantifying the magnitude of a rainfall episode capable of generating severe geo-hydrological hazards.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1195515
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