The growing numbers of application areas for artificial intelligence (AI) methods have led to an explosion in availability of domain-specific accelerators, which struggle to support every new machine learning (ML) algorithm advancement, clearly highlighting the need for a tool to quickly and automatically transition from algorithm definition to hardware implementation and explore the design space along a variety of SWaP (size, weight and Power) metrics. The software defined architectures (SODA) synthesizer implements a modular compiler-based infrastructure for the end-to-end generation of machine learning accelerators, from high-level frameworks to hardware description language. Neuromorphic computing, mimicking how the brain operates, promises to perform artificial intelligence tasks at efficiencies orders-of-magnitude higher than the current conventional tensor-processing based accelerators, as demonstrated by a variety of specialized designs leveraging Spiking Neural Networks (SNNs). Nevertheless, the mapping of an artificial neural network (ANN) to solutions supporting SNNs is still a non-trivial and very device-specific task, and completely lacks the possibility to design hybrid systems that integrate conventional and spiking neural models. In this paper, we discuss the design of such an integrated generator, leveraging the SODA Synthesizer framework and its modular structure. In particular, we present a new MLIR dialect in the SODA frontend that allows expressing spiking neural network concepts (e.g., spiking sequences, transformation, and manipulation) and we discuss how to enable the mapping of spiking neurons to the related specialized hardware (which could be generated through middle-end and backend layers of the SODA Synthesizer). We then discuss the opportunities for further integration offered by the hardware compilation infrastructure, providing a path towards the generation of complex hybrid artificial intelligence systems.

Automated Generation of Integrated Digital and Spiking Neuromorphic Machine Learning Accelerators

Curzel, Serena;Ferrandi, Fabrizio;
2021

Abstract

The growing numbers of application areas for artificial intelligence (AI) methods have led to an explosion in availability of domain-specific accelerators, which struggle to support every new machine learning (ML) algorithm advancement, clearly highlighting the need for a tool to quickly and automatically transition from algorithm definition to hardware implementation and explore the design space along a variety of SWaP (size, weight and Power) metrics. The software defined architectures (SODA) synthesizer implements a modular compiler-based infrastructure for the end-to-end generation of machine learning accelerators, from high-level frameworks to hardware description language. Neuromorphic computing, mimicking how the brain operates, promises to perform artificial intelligence tasks at efficiencies orders-of-magnitude higher than the current conventional tensor-processing based accelerators, as demonstrated by a variety of specialized designs leveraging Spiking Neural Networks (SNNs). Nevertheless, the mapping of an artificial neural network (ANN) to solutions supporting SNNs is still a non-trivial and very device-specific task, and completely lacks the possibility to design hybrid systems that integrate conventional and spiking neural models. In this paper, we discuss the design of such an integrated generator, leveraging the SODA Synthesizer framework and its modular structure. In particular, we present a new MLIR dialect in the SODA frontend that allows expressing spiking neural network concepts (e.g., spiking sequences, transformation, and manipulation) and we discuss how to enable the mapping of spiking neurons to the related specialized hardware (which could be generated through middle-end and backend layers of the SODA Synthesizer). We then discuss the opportunities for further integration offered by the hardware compilation infrastructure, providing a path towards the generation of complex hybrid artificial intelligence systems.
Proceedings of the 2021 IEEE/ACM International Conference On Computer Aided Design (ICCAD)
978-1-6654-4507-8
MLIR, Artificial Neural Network Accelerators, Spiking Neural Network Accelerators
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1194314
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